In what is perceived as a moral victory, a new negotiating draft for conference of 195 countries at the port city on Wednesday had India's concerns on equity and unilateral carbon tax. But, it fails to find mention of intellectual property right issues related to transfer of clean technologies.
India had faced a stumbling block from some rich nations represented by Singapore in getting its concerns on these three issues discussed at the Durban conference. After much peristance and support from developing world countries such as Pakistan, the conference decided not sidetrack the issues.
The 137 page amalgamation draft of working group on long term action on climate change, also called LCA track, details about importance of equity with relation to "historical responsibility" of the rich nations to reduce emissions and providing finance and technology to the developing world to keep their emissions under check.
The shared vision of the draft also puts the onus of reducing emissions on rich nations, an issue flagged by environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan. "According to preamble of the (UN climate) convention, social and economic development and poverty eradication are the first and overriding priorities of the developing world," the draft read."It is just the first step," said an Indian negotiator. "We want the issues to be discussed in a subsidary body so that they cannot be thrown out".
The Basic quartlet of India, China, South Africa and Brazil, has backed India on these issues in the working group meetings saying that these issues were left out of the Cancun Agreements in 2010.
The consenus, however, eludes on the new LCA draft and the ministers are expected to cut down differences to reach conclusion by Friday night.
Srinivas Krishnasway of Climate Action Network South Asia urged India and other Basic countries to work towards achieving an agreement on the LCA track by 2015 and appreciated their climate mitigation actions.
South African president Jacob Zuma has already said that the countries should aim for a climate treaty in 2015 when review of pledges of rich nations, climate action by the developing countries and fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel Report on Climate is available.
In addition, India with its Basic partners want the 2015 review should include progress on Bali Road Map outlining differenciatated responsbility for rich and development countries and the individual pledges of the richer nations.
"The review will tell us that many rich nations have not met their pledges whereas developing was on a path to achieve their voluntary climate actions," the official said.