Osama bin Laden endorsed the failed attempt to blow up a US airliner on Christmas Day and threatened new attacks against the United States in an audio message released on Sunday that appeared aimed at asserting he maintains some direct command over al-Qaida-inspired offshoots.
However, US officials and several researchers who track terrorist groups said there was no indication bin Laden or any of his top lieutenants had anything to do with or even knew in advance of the Christmas plot by a Yemen-based group that is one of several largely independent al-Qaida franchises.
A US State Department spokesman said al-Qaida's core leadership offers such groups strategic guidance but depends on them to carry it out.
"He's trying to continue to appear relevant" by talking up the attempted attack by an affiliate, the spokesman, PJ Crowley, said. The one-minute message was explicit in its threat of new attacks. Like the airline plot, bin Laden said they would come in response to America's support for Israel.
"God willing, our raids on you will continue as long as your support for the Israelis continues," bin Laden said in the recording, which was released to the Al-Jazeera news channel. "The message delivered to you through the plane of the heroic warrior Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab was a confirmation of the previous messages sent by the heroes of the Sept 11," he said of the Nigerian suspect in the Dec 25 botched attack.
"If our messages had been able to reach you through words we wouldn't have been delivering them through planes." Directing his statements at President Barack Obama _ "from Osama to Obama," he said _ bin Laden added: "America will never dream of security unless we will have it in reality in Palestine." The message, which White House officials said could not immediately be authenticated, raised again the question of how much of a link exists between al-Qaida's top leadership along the Afghan-Pakistani border and the handful of loosely affiliated groups operating in the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa and Iraq. The al-Qaida leader, who was last heard from in September, seemed intent on showing he remains more than an ideological figurehead, as most analysts have suggested he has become during the terror network's evolution into decentralized offshoots. But some questioned whether al-Qaida's core leadership was involved. "They weren't putting the final touches on this operation," said Evan Kohlmann, a senior investigator for the New York-based NEFA Foundation, which researches Islamic militants. Still, the Saudi and Yemeni leaders of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, which formed in Yemen a year ago, have a long history of direct personal contact with bin Laden. It is plausible that _ if they were able to _ they would have informed bin Laden of the airliner plot and sought his approval, Kohlmann said. The Yemen-based group's leader, Nasir al-Wahishi, was once bin Laden's personal secretary, and its top military commander, Qassim al-Raimi, trained in bin Laden's main camp in Afghanistan, Kohlmann said.
Two of the group's top members were detainees at the Guantanamo Bay US military prison who were released in November 2007. The Yemen offshoot is largely self-sustaining, with its own theological figures, bomb makers and a network for funneling in recruits.
"The training and the definition of the attack was by the local leaders of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula," said Rohan Gunaratna, author of "Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror." "So, in many ways you can say bin Laden is exploiting for his benefit this particular attack. Bin Laden still wants to claim leadership for the global jihad movement."
U.S. investigators say the Nigerian suspect in the Dec 25 attempted bombing told them he had been trained in Yemen and given the explosives there by al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula. Abdulmutallab is accused of attempting to blow up the plane with an explosive powder hidden in his underwear as the aircraft approached Detroit Metro Airport. The device failed to detonate. Bin Laden's message came four weeks after the Yemen-based group made its own claim of responsibility for the bomb plot with a different justification _ linking it to Yemeni military attacks on al-Qaida targets with the help of US intelligence. There was no way to verify the voice on the audio message was actually bin Laden's, but it resembled previous recordings attributed to him. US-based IntelCenter, which monitors militant messages, said the manner of the recording's release, its content and other factors indicated it was credible.
White House adviser David Axelrod told CNN's "State of the Union" that whatever the source, the message "contains the same hollow justification for the mass slaughter of innocents." On Friday, Britain raised its terror threat alert to the second-highest level, one of several recent steps the country has taken to increase vigilance after the Christmas Day bombing attempt. The online edition of Britain's The Sunday Times reported that the heightened alert was prompted in part by an Islamic terrorist plot to hijack an Indian passenger jet and crash it into a British city. Since the Christmas Day attempt, the Yemeni government, at the US's urging has stepped up its attacks on the group's hide-outs in the rugged country's remote hinterland.
Analysts have long debated how much control bin Laden, who is believed to be somewhere in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region, really has over the various organizations using his group's name. "There's definitely communication, there's definitely a process of seeking approval and swearing allegiance, but I don't think that means they go to bin Laden every time they have a question," Kohlmann said.
The al-Qaida offshoot in Iraq demonstrated such independence, carrying out a frenzy of bombings, beheadings and kidnappings targeting foreigners and Shiite Muslims.
That prompted al-Qaida's No 2, Ayman al-Zawahri, to write to the group's leader, Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, to ask him to avoid "unnecessary bloodshed." The message implied al-Qaida in Iraq's actions threatened to turn away some of al-Qaida's supporters. Al-Zarqawi was killed in a 2006 US airstrike.