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Chronology: Major fatal accidents during haj in Saudi Arabia

world Updated: Sep 24, 2015 18:37 IST
Haj stampede

Muslim pilgrims circumvent around the Kaaba at the Masjid al-Haram Mosque, Islam's holiest site, two days before the Haj pilgrimage, in Mecca.(EPA Photo)

More than 700 people were killed and hundreds hurt on Thursday in a stampede at Saudi Arabia’s Mina, outside the Muslim holy city of Mecca, where about two million people are performing the annual haj pilgrimage.

The country’s civil defence service said rescue operations are under way after the stampede in Mina, where pilgrims from across the world stay for several days during the last days of haj.

This is not the first time that a stampede has marred the annual pilgrimage to the holy city.

Here is the chronology of the major incidents and fatal accidents during haj in Saudi Arabia:

September 11, 2015: 118 people are killed and 394 injured after a crawler crane topples over onto the Masjid al-Haram, the Grand Mosque in Mecca.

January 12, 2006: At least 345 worshipers are killed in a stampede during the stoning ritual in Mina.

January 6, 2006: 76 people die in Mecca in the collapse of a nine-story building after a fire.

February 1, 2004: 251 people die in a stampede in Mina.

March 5, 2001: 35 pilgrims are killed in a stampede during the stoning ritual in Mina valley.

April 15, 1997: 343 people die in a fire was caused by a gas stove in the tent city of the pilgrims in Mina valley.

April 9, 1998: 118 pilgrims died in a stampede during the symbolic stoning of Satan at Mina. More than 180 people were injured.

May 24, 1994: 270 pilgrims die in a stampede during the symbolic ritual of stoning the devil in Mina.

July 2, 1990: In the most deadly of a series of incidents, more than 1,400 people die in stampede of pilgrims inside a pedestrian tunnel in Mecca. Apparently a failure of the ventilation system had triggered a panic.

July 31, 1987: 402 people die in clashes after Saudi security forces clashed with an unauthorised demonstration of Iranian pilgrims in Mecca.

November 20, 1979: 153 people are killed in two weeks when several hundred Saudi opposition figures barricaded themselves in the Great Mosque of Mecca and took dozens of pilgrims hostage.

December 1975: At least 200 people die in a gas cylinder explosion which led to a major fire in the tent settlements at Mina, a few kilometres east of Mecca.