Key dates in the Georgia-Russia crisis leading up to Russia's recognition of breakaway Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia:
August 7: Georgia launches an offensive to seize control of South Ossetia, the province that broke from Georgia in the early 1990s.
August 8: Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili says most of South Ossetia had been "liberated". Russia sends tanks and troops into the breakaway region, promising to defend its peacekeeping troops and residents with Russian passports.
August 9: Russian warplanes bomb targets in Georgia including the Black Sea port of Poti. This is followed by an air raid on the city of Gori, close to South Ossetia, and another near the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline.
August 10: After claiming control of most of South Ossetia, Russia starts bombing areas near the Georgian capital Tbilisi for the first time, targeting a military airfield. Georgia admits losing the South Ossetian capital of Tskhinvali.
August 11: US President George W. Bush condemns the Russian military offensive against Georgia, calling it "unacceptable in the 21st century" and urges Russia to "respect Georgia's territorial integrity and sovereignty".
August 12: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev says he has decided to cease Russia's military operation against Georgia. French President Nicolas Sarkozy brokers peace accord with Russian and Georgian leaders.
UN says 100,000 people displaced by conflict.
August 15: Georgia signs a French-brokered ceasefire agreement.
August 16: Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signs the truce deal but Russian troops dig deeper into Georgia and advance closer to the capital Tbilisi.
August 18: Russia announces the start of a withdrawal from Georgia but Tbilisi accuses Moscow of stalling and reneging on the ceasefire.
August 19: Russia and Georgia exchange prisoners. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev promises to complete the troop withdrawal in three days.
August 20: The parliament in Abkhazia votes in favour of asking Russia to recognise it as an independent state. Russia freezes cooperation with NATO.
August 22: Russia announces completion of troop withdrawal but the United States and France challenge this.
August 26: Russia formally recognises the Georgian rebel regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states.