US Defense Secretary Robert Gates met on Tuesday in Iraq's capital with the country's political leaders, including Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, as well as Gen. Ray Odierno, the top US commander there.
Gates flew to Baghdad after a stop in southern Iraq, where he got a firsthand look at the future of the US military mission. The secretary began his Iraq trip with a visit to a command post in Talil, where US troops are serving mainly as advisers to Iraqi forces. The advisory unit in Talil is a prototype for US forces as they shift from front-line combat to support roles. Gates met with US and Iraqi officers who have patrolling together since July 15.
And he saw the command center, a room where US and Iraqi commanders meet each morning to go over coordination of patrols.
"What you are doing here is the next phase of our progress in Iraq," Gates told US troops.
He told reporters he was impressed by an artillery brigade that had come to Iraq in spring thinking it would be on the front lines but quickly adapted to its advisory role. "This is a symbol of how flexible our forces are," he said.
Gates described the ground-level relationship with Iraq: "Nobody's the boss or the occupier."
He also got a briefing from the No. 2 US commander in Iraq, Lt. Gen. Charles Jacoby, who said overall coordination is going very well since the US handed over control of the cities to Iraqi forces on June 30. Jacoby said coordination has gone particularly smoothly in Baghdad.
Gates is also expected to visit Iraq's restive Kurdish region, where challengers made a surprisingly strong showing in regional elections over the weekend.
Kurds were united in their hard line in disputes with Iraq's Arabs over oil-rich territory, which threaten to erupt into new violence even as the US military prepares to withdraw its forces by the end of 2011.'
Official results from Saturday's vote for a regional president and 111-seat parliament were not expected until later this week. But the opposition group called Gorran _ Kurdish for "Change" said early projections showed it had made major inroads in the parliament with a win in the city of Sulaimaniyah.
Last week, al-Maliki met in Washington with President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and senior lawmakers. Obama pressed al-Maliki to make room in his government and security forces for all ethnic and religious groups.
US officials, while praising improvement in Iraqi security forces, remain deeply concerned that al-Maliki's Shiite Muslim-dominated government has been unable or unwilling to reconcile with the country's minority Sunni Muslims and Kurds. The Sunnis had run Iraq until the US ouster of Saddam Hussein in 2003 and are still smarting over their loss of power in politics, the economy and military.