Violence has raged in Kyrgyzstan since overnight Thursday leaving at least 124 dead and more than 1,600 injured, according to the Kyrgyz interim authorities.
It is the deadliest violence in the Central Asian state since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Friday, June 11:
- Overnight brawls between ethnic Uzbeks and Kyrgyz in the southern city of Osh and neighbouring districts degenerate into running gunbattles in the streets.
- The government impose a state of emergency and a curfew from 08:00 pm to 06:00 am in Osh until June 20.
- Police units and armoured vehicles are sent to the scene, where several fires break out.
- A call for calm from the international community, notably Russia and the United States, which both have military bases in Kyrgyzstan.
Saturday, June 12:
- Deadly clashes continue.
- Retired officers from the police and army are called up to the Osh region in what authorities say is a move to prevent civil war.
- Kyrgyzstan's interim leader Roza Otunbayeva appeals to Russia to send military forces to help quell the violence.
Russia rushes humanitarian aid to Kyrgyzstan but says it is not prepared to send troops.
- The European Union says it is sending a humanitarian aid expert to the area.
- Kyrgyzstan declares a state of emergency in a second southern city of Jalalabad, to where violence has spread.
- Kyrgyzstan's interim government issues a decree authorising the military and police to use deadly force.
- The interim government announces a "partial mobilisation" of the army.
Sunday, June 13:
- The Kyrgyz government orders a 24-hour curfew in Osh and two neighbouring districts.
- All reservists aged from 18-50 are called up.
- A group of 150 Russian paratroopers arrives to protect Russia's base near the capital Bishkek, some 300 kilometres from Osh.
Monday, June 14:
- Fresh violence explodes in the regions of Osh and Jalalabad. The government admits it is struggling to control the situation.
- A plane with foodstuffs and medicines provided by the World Health Organisation and Russia lands in Osh.
- A Russia-led security bloc of former Soviet states holds an emergency meeting in Moscow.
- China and Turkey decide to repatriate their citizens.
- A Kyrgyz military attack helicopter passes over Osh, dropping leaflets appealing to the local population to halt the violence.
- Uzbekistan closes its border, calling for international aid for the 45,000 refugees and their children on its soil.
Refugees accuse the Kyrgyz army of helping armed groups carry out massacres.
- The UN refugee agency says it is sending aid to Uzbekistan to help refugees from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan, whom the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) numbers at 80,000.