An alternative Danish proposal on the new protocol to replace Kyoto after 2012, when it expires, floated by China and supported by India, Brazil and South Africa has failed to get support of the other developing countries on the ground that it does not specify deep emission cut targets and fails to seek a comprehensive amount of finance for the developing nations from the rich countries.
The document was prepared by China and signed by others at a meeting in Beijing two days after the first Danish draft proposal emerged. It has been obtained by Hindustan Times, the first newspaper to have a copy of the document.
Environment and Forest Minister Jairam Ramesh had described it as against Danish proposal.
The document called as BASIC proposal (named after the countries that signed it) was termed as an alternative proposal to weaken the Danish draft, which talked about scrapping differentiated responsibility under Kyoto and instead proposed a new protocol based on pledge and verification regime.
"Even though India and China are asking for retaining Kyoto Protocol after 2012, the document fails to reflect it completely," said Sirish Sinha, head of climate energy and energy section in with the Indian section of International NGO WWF.
The BASIC document, however, supports the existing United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as the only platform for fighting climate change as against the Danish proposal, which is seeking a new framework.
The BASIC document was circulated at the G-77 plus China meeting this weekend but failed to get their support.
"It does not meet our aspirations," spokesperson for G-77 plus China Lumumba Stantslaus Dl-Aping said on Tuesday. "It was circulated to counter the Danish proposal. Good idea but does not work for all of us."
The Sudanese diplomat Aping apparently made it clear that now small island nations would also bring a proposal talking about the "aspirations" of the poor and vulnerable nations, while rejecting the Danish proposal outrightly.
"It will not be a surprise if small island nations have their our own proposal to oppose Danish draft and to be alternate to BASIC document," he said.
However, the G-77 plus China had threatened not too sign a deal or any agreement --- even political --- at Copenhagen, if the Danish government pursued its proposal.
"We will not exit but will not sign the deal," he said, in response to Indian Environment and Forest minister Jairam Ramesh's threat to exit Copenhagen negotiations, if the Danish proposal is pushed through in its present format.
Sinha, however, pointed out that the both BASIC and Danish proposals have failed to get consensus from the bigger group of poorer nations represented by G-77 plus China and Small Island Nations group.