India, China, Japan and Canada were among 25 countries that announced specific action plans at the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington with regard to non- proliferation, including setting up of facilities for research and development and contribution of funds to IAEA.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, addressing the summit of the 47-nation convened by US President Barack Obama on Wednesday, announced India's decision to set up a Global Nuclear Energy Centre for conducting research and development of design systems that are secure, proliferation resistant and sustainable.
As soon as Singh made the announcement, US President Barack Obama intervened to welcome it, saying "this will be one more tool to establish best practises" in the quest for nuclear safety.
While China said it would establish a nuclear security Centre of Excellence, Japan announced launching an integrated regional support centre; research and development on detection and forensics; contributing new resources to IAEA's Nuclear Security Fund; and hosting and funding a World Institute of Nuclear Security best practices conference.
"I want to commend my partners for the very important commitments that they made in conjunction with this summit," Obama said.
Armenia announced that it would ratify the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) and pass new export control law while Argentina said it would join the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism; moving toward the ratification of the ICSANT and 2005 Amendment of the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.
At the summit, Australia said it is moving towards the ratification of the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism and Belgium announced that it is contributing $ 300,000 to IAEA's Nuclear Security Fund.
While Chile announced that it is removing all highly enriched uranium (18 kgs), Canada said it is returning a large amount of spent highly-enriched uranium fuel from their medical isotope production reactor to the US; championing the extension of G-8 Global Partnership Against Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction; funding highly-enriched uranium removals from Mexico and Vietnam; hosting and funding a World Institute of Nuclear Security best practices workshop in Ottawa; and unveiling $ 100 million in new bilateral security cooperation with Russia.
France said it is ratifying the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear materials; inviting an International Physical Protection Advisory Service security review from IAEA; incorporating training in nuclear security at the European Nuclear Safety Training and Tutoring Institute and the International Nuclear Energy Institute.
Finland has invited an International Physical Protection Advisory Service security review from IAEA and Germany said it is moving toward ratifying 2005 Amendment of the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials, while Georgia declared it signed an instrument of approval for International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism on April 7 this year.
Italy signed a Megaports agreement to install detection equipment at ports with US; establishing a school of nuclear security in Trieste, in collaboration with the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics and IAEA to train nuclear personnel from developing countries.
Further, Kazakhstan announced converting a highly- enriched uranium research reactor and eliminating remaining highly enriched uranium; cooperative work on BN-350 rector shutdown and fuel security; hosting a Global Initiative Activity in June; and considering an International Nuclear Security Training Centre.
Mexico too pitched in by announcing to convert a highly enriched uranium research reactor and eliminating remaining highly enriched uranium working through IAEA.
Norway announced a contribution of $ 3.3 million over the next four years to IAEA nuclear security fund -- flexible funds for use in developing countries -- and another USD 500,000 in additional support to Kazakhstan's efforts to upgrade portal monitors to prevent nuclear smuggling as part of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
The Philippines announced it would join Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism; South Korea came forward to host next Nuclear Security Summit in 2012; Russia signed Plutonium Disposition protocol; with US and Saudi Arabia announcing it will host UNSCR 1540 conference for Gulf Cooperation Council.
Thailand said that it is joining the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism; Ukraine announced it is removing all highly enriched uranium by next Summit -- half of it by the year-end; the United Arab Emirates also signed a Megaports Agreement with the US and Vietnam said it is converting a highly-enriched uranium research reactor; joining the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
The UK announced contributing $ 6 million to the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund; inviting an International Physical Protection Advisory Service security review from the IAEA; ratification of the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism and 2005 Amendment of the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.