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India, China must for climate talks: US

world Updated: Jul 19, 2008 20:43 IST

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America has said that there cannot be any meaningful talk on combating climate change without the participation of major emerging economies like China and India.

"President Bush has repeatedly stressed that his goal is to reach agreement on a realistic global plan for reducing emissions that is both environmentally effective and economically sustainable," US Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky said at a breakfast meeting of the Asia-Pacific Partnership (APP).

"To get there, it is essential that major emerging economies like China and India join developed countries in combating climate change. Thats why the Asia-Pacific Partnership is so important," she added.

The APP is a group of nations that comprises seven of the worlds largest economies Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States, which together account for more than half of the worlds economy, population, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

Speaking about the group's involvement with the private sector and the NGOs in India she said, "The APPs projects inspire the imagination. For example, the APP is partnering California with the Indian state of Maharashtra to help the latter alleviate its 5,000 megawatt energy shortfall.

Elaborating, further, on the group's practical on-the-ground activities which "complements international negotiating agenda" she said, "Two US businesses, American Electric Power and the Southern Company, have been working with Chinese electricity producers to move them closer to US levels of efficiency and lower rates of pollution.

"In the area of energy conservation, APP members are working jointly to increase the quality and quantity of compact fluorescent light bulbs across Asia."

The US contribution to the APP is USD 70 millions and it has been pointed out that Bush has asked for an additional USD 52 millions in the coming fiscal and project funds are expected to leverage more than USD 520 millions in private sector funds.

"The APP is a great initiative, representing exactly the kind of creativity and pragmatism we need in the fight against climate change. In the relatively brief period since it was conceived, the APP has established a track record of meeting, and exceeding, the expectations we had in 2005," she said.

Talking about last weeks meeting of major economies leaders in Japan she said, "It was a very important step in the right direction. For the first time, leaders from 17 of the worlds largest economies sat at the same table to tackle tough issues that will be essential for a new global climate regime."

"We all acknowledged our leadership role on this issue and set out some important details on what we will do in the long-term, mid-term and near-term. In the near-term, its worth noting that major economy leaders called for "voluntary, action-oriented international cooperation" in key sectors, endorsing exactly the approach we are pursuing through the APP."

India has hosted an APP Ministerial last year and China will be doing so next year.