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India, China should resolve border dispute

world Updated: May 16, 2010 13:49 IST

A former Chinese Ambassador to India today said the two countries should resolve the border dispute under a framework of compromise and spirit of mutual respect and understanding, which is key to enhancing trust between them.

Cheng Ruisheng, a veteran diplomat, said conditions are ripe for the final settlement of the border dispute between the two Asian giants.

"The final settlement of the China-India boundary question will be the most important key to greatly enhancing mutual trust between the two countries," Cheng said in his detailed note for discussion at the 2nd China-India Forum meeting being held here.

"Judging from the present situation of the relations, it seems conditions are already mature for the final settlement," he said.

He said the overall relations between the two countries have been good as they have already established strategic and cooperative partnership which is very conducive for final settlement of the dispute.

"Also the boundary settlement is very important factor for both the countries which are simultaneously rising in stature. For this they needed a peaceful environment," Cheng, who served as Chinese Ambassador to India from 1991-94, said.

Besides, agreement on the political parameters and guiding principles for the settlement has laid important foundation for the settlement, he said.

Both sides are well aware of each others positions on the boundary disputes as special representatives have held several rounds of talks, he said.

India and China have completed 13 rounds of talks on border dispute and Special Representatives of both countries are expected to meet soon.

"If there is still a gap, it will not work for either side to press for unilateral concessions by the other and the only right way is to explore a framework of compromise in the spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding. There is no reason why this can not be realised," he said.

Cheng, according to previous reports, formed part of the Chinese experts group that proposed to their Indian counterparts a compromise formula according to which China would hand over Aaksai Chin occupied by it in return to India handing over to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh to it.

However, Cheng, who made a passionate plea for better Sino-Indian relations today, made no mention of any compromise formula in his presentation.