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India, Japan say no prosperity possible in South China Sea amid tensions

world Updated: Jun 04, 2016 15:14 IST
Manohar Parrikar

This photo taken on May 5, 2016 shows crew members of China's South Sea Fleet taking part in a drill in the Xisha Islands, or the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea.(AFP file photo)

Defence minister says it’s in China’s economic interest to reduce tensions in the South China Sea, where Beijing is embroiled in territorial disputes with various governments.

Manohar Parrikar told an international security conference on Saturday that understanding each other’s perspectives and increasing trust between stakeholders will reduce tensions. His Japanese counterpart also emphasized that peace will lead to prosperity.

“It is ultimately economics,” Parrikar said. “If you have an unstable region like what we have in the Middle East, I don’t think economics and prosperity will really (be) enhanced.”

Although India is not a party to the South China Sea disputes, China is its traditional adversary. They fought a war in 1962, in which India lost land to China.

Read | India, US must collaborate on South China Sea

The three-day Shangri-La Dialogue, which is being attended by defence ministers and experts from 50 countries, ends on Sunday and covers topics that also include terrorism, cybercrime and North Korea’s nuclear ambitions.

Parrikar said that however small or “however powerful” a country may be, “no commerce or commercial activity takes place in a highly tense (region). And I think it is in the interest of everyone, including China, to ensure that the peace remains in this region.”

Read | China will change policy if India patrols South China Sea: Experts

Japanese defence minister Gen Nakatani said it was “getting increasingly important for all nations in the region to establish the order based on the rule of the law.”

This photo taken on May 10, 2016 shows crew members of China's South Sea Fleet taking part in a logistics supply drill near the James Shoal area on South China Sea. (AFP file photo)

Indirectly referring to China, he said that “powerful nations are required to act with self-restraint so as to avoid contingency.”

China claims virtually the entire South China Sea as its own, overlapping with territory claimed by other Southeast Asian governments. It has also started building airstrips on artificial islands it built on once-submerged reefs, much to the chagrin of the United States, which worries the buildup will impede freedom of navigation in the busy area.

Read | Obama accuses China of child-like behaviour over South China Sea

“All of here attending, I ask you which you choose: between the order based on might or the order based on rule?” Nakatani said. “I believe the order based on the rule is the one which could lead us to sustainable prosperity.”

In rebuking Beijing and expressing the views of its neighbours, Nakatani said, “There are some unilateral activities and claims by a nation that asserts power.”

“Any activities that go against the international laws . we are very concerned about such situations.”

Read | Don’t militarise South China Sea: China tells India, US