India will launch a national programme on black carbon on December 15. Environment minister Jairam Ramesh said the programme will cover measurement, monitoring and modeling for black carbon but ruled out India agreeing for inclusion of black carbon into the framework of UN climate talks.
"Our position on the issue is clear. We are starting the programme on black carbon as it is a health issue more than environment issue for us," he told reporters on Tuesday.
The Indian black carbon project will be a joint venture of India and foreign scientists and it will also recommend measures to reduce black carbon emissions, whose primarily source is kerosene stoves.
India has also thwarted the move of United States and European Union to move hydroflourocarbons (HFCs) out of Kyoto Protocol and into the Montreal Protocol, which governs ozone-depleting substances.
The HFC, a climate change causing gas, is a by-product of ozone depleting substance. The move would have hit five Indian companies, who own half of the world's carbon credits earned by reducing HFC emissions and have earned over US $ 300 million dollars so far. "HFC is a green house gas and it should remain so," Ramesh said, after meeting US and European negotiators on the issue.
An Indian official said that the US was presented with a set of 32 questions against the move, which they failed to reply.