In a major victory for New Delhi in the United Nations Security Council, the special UN mission in Nepal (UNMIN) ended its work on Saturday.
The UNMIN is a special political mission in support of the peace process in Nepal, established by the Security Council resolution 1740 on January 23, 2007.
In September 2010, the Security Council extended UNMIN's mandate until 15 January 2011, but New Delhi was of the view that the mission was a ruse by the Maoists and others political players and came in the way of the political process getting off the ground in Nepal.
With the political situation remaining tenuous in Nepal, Foreign Secretray Nirupama Rao will be going to Kathmandu on January 18.
India has worked among the UN security council members to ensure the UNMIN doesn’t get an extension. The UN Security Council voted to close UNMIN citing a lack of progress in last September.
“The UN mission which came for implementing the 2006 peace agreement was drawn into political battles between the parties. Its more of a hindrance than help now because the domestic political forces are refusing to take charge”, an Indian official said.
That said, there are concerns about the fate of 19,000 ex-Maoist troops who await their rehabilitation. Though political parties claimed to have reached an agreement on monitoring the former Maoist fighters in special camps, which was overseen by the UN mission, there is no roadmap to ensure peace and political stability in Nepal.
Despite the political instability, the process of putting in place a new constitution has also been stalled.
“It’s a fragile situation. Then the Nepal politicians have to take charge themselves to sort out the issue”, said the Indian official.