The Indonesian Air Force said on Thursday that the military plane which crashed on Tuesday into a residential neighbourhood killing 142 people, likely suffered an engine failure. But they denied that the aircraft was overloaded after reports emerged saying that civilians had paid to get onboard.
The Hercules C-130 transporter went down on Tuesday in the city of Medan shortly after taking off from a nearby airbase, exploding in a fireball and causing widespread destruction.
Air vice marshal Agus Dwi Putranto, an air force operations commander, told reporters that initial findings indicated the 51-year-old plane had failed to gain enough speed after one of its four engines malfunctioned.
"There's a likelihood that a propeller had stalled," he said. "Going at a slow speed, the plane swerved to the right and hit an antenna tower."
He said the pilot had asked to turn back to base shortly after take-off, adding, "It means there was a problem."
Witnesses have said the plane was tilting and giving off black smoke just before it crashed into a massage parlour and hotel in a newly-built residential area.
However Putranto denied the plane was overloaded after the air force repeatedly revised up the number of people on the flight, sparking accusations that civilians had payed to get onboard, a clear violation of military rules.
"It's unlikely an overcapacity problem," the commander said. He said that the Hercules can carry 12.5 tonnes but the passengers on the flight would have only weighed about eight tonnes.
There were 122 people aboard the plane, mostly servicemen, women and their families, with the rest of the fatalities thought to have occurred on the ground.
Relatives of some civilians from non-military families have said they paid between 700,000 rupiah ($50) and one million rupiah to travel on the aircraft. The military has denied taking payments and vowed to investigate.
The search for bodies officially ended late on Wednesday, and the air force began transporting coffins of those killed across the vast archipelago for burial.
There were scenes of horror following the crash, with buildings severely damaged, cars reduced to flaming wrecks and the plane almost completely destroyed, with the tail being the only part still recognisable.
It was the sixth fatal crash of an Indonesian Air Force plane in the past decade, according to the Aviation Safety Network, which prompted President Joko Widodo to order an overhaul of the country's ageing military equipment.