External affairs minister S M Krishna will arrive in Geneva on Thursday on a two-day visit during which he is expected to meet leaders from other nations and discuss the UN Security Council reforms.
This is Krishna's first visit to the United Nations since India became a non-permanent member on the Security Council last month after a gap of 19 years.
Krishna is set to meet foreign ministers of three other Security Council aspirants – Brazil, Japan and Germany tomorrow. Following the meeting, the G4 countries are expected to produce an outcome document on their discussions.
The four ministers will also meet General Assembly President Joseph Deiss to discuss Security Council reforms.
Deiss has spoken out strongly in favor of reform. Last month he said, "the situation for the moment is quite complex still and I hope that during this year we will at least be able to bring the negotiations, real negotiations under way."
Krishna will also attend a high-level meeting tomorrow on the linkages between international security and development in the Security Council, hosted by Brazil, which holds the presidency of the Council for February, and chaired by Brazilian Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota.
Security Council reform is also one of the subjects that Krishna will discuss in his first meeting later today with the members of the L69 group, which is a diverse group of countries from Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific that want to reform the Council.
The L69 Group, headed by Jamaica, supports India's position that the Council's permanent and non-permanent categories should both be expanded.
"It is only through such expansion which addresses the lack of representation among African, Asian and Latin American countries, that we can achieve a more representative, legitimate, credible and effective council," Jamaica's Ambassador Raymond Wolfe told the General Assembly last year.
This position, however, was not reflected in the latest five page document, which is a product of ongoing text based negotiations that is being chaired by Zahir Tanin, Afghanistan's envoy to the UN.
While welcoming the shorter text as a step forward, Indian envoy Hardeep Singh Puri said New Delhi was "unhappy" that its position of expansion in both categories was not stated "boldly" enough in the new text.
The Security Council reform process has been going on for almost two decades. But basic questions are yet to be resolved, which include how many new seats should be created, who gets these seats and when should the veto power kick in.