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Least number of poor in Delhi, Kerala, Goa

world Updated: Jul 15, 2010 23:58 IST

Amidst acute poverty across South Asia, the five states of Delhi, Kerala, Goa, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh have the least number of poor people in India, according to a new measure of global poverty developed at the University of Oxford for the UNDP.

The new measure, called the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), has been developed and applied by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).

It will be featured in the 20th anniversary edition of the UNDP Human Development Report.

An analysis using MPI reveals South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have comparable intensities of poverty, according to an OPHI paper, Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries.

In terms of human lives, South Asia has the world's highest levels of poverty.

Fifty-one percent of Pakistan's population is MPI poor, 58 percent in Bangladesh, 55 percent in India, and 65 percent in Nepal.

The analysis states: "Delhi has an MPI equivalent to Iraq (which ranks 45), whereas Bihar's MPI is similar to Guinea's (the 8th poorest country in the ranking).

"In terms of headcount, in Delhi and Kerala 14 percent and 16 percent of the population are MPI poor, in Jharkhand 77 percent of population are MPI poor and in Bihar, 81 percent."

Other states with the least number of poor are Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Maharashtra, Haryana and Gujarat.

The analysis by MPI creators reveals that there are more 'MPI poor' people in eight Indian states (421 million in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal) than in the 26 poorest African countries combined (410 million).

"...The population of the poorest state Bihar, with 95 million people, exceeds the sum of nine of the 10 poorest African countries," authors Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos say.