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Libya revolt timeline

world Updated: Feb 27, 2011 01:47 IST

AFP
Highlight Story

Key events in Libya, where major unrest against the regime of Moamer Gaddafi broke out 11 days ago:

* February 15-16:
Protests erupt in Libya's second city of Benghazi, days after president Hosni Mubarak resigns in neighbouring Egypt.

* THURSDAY, February 17:
Calls go out on the Internet site Facebook for a "Day of Rage" against Gaddafi's regime.

* FRIDAY, February 18:
Clashes reported spreading outside Benghazi.

* SATURDAY, February 19:
At least 12 killed as the army fires on a crowd in Benghazi. Clashes spread closer to Tripoli.

* SUNDAY, February 20:
Protesters sack the state television headquarters in Tripoli and set government buildings on fire. In Cairo, Libya's envoy to the Arab League resigns to "join the revolution."

* MONDAY, February 21: Gaddafi's son Seif al-Islam warns that Libya faces "rivers of blood." Gunfire heard in the capital for the first time. Diplomats including Tripoli's ambassador to India and the deputy ambassador to the United Nations renounce support for the regime.

* TUESDAY, February 22: In a defiant TV appearance, Gaddafi orders his forces to crush the uprising.

* WEDNESDAY, February 23:
Gaddafi opponents appear firmly in control of Libya's coastal east, with soldiers defecting to join the uprising.

Thousands of Libyans and foreign workers head for Egypt and Tunisia. Several oil groups suspend their activities.

US President Barack Obama calls the repression "outrageous."

* THURSDAY, February 24:
Gaddafi says the revolt is being directed by Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaeda network, which he says has fed young people with drugs to make them rebel.

Witnesses say Gaddafi loyalists have deserted Zouara, 120 kilometres (75 miles) west of Tripoli.

Some 23 people are reported killed and dozens wounded when pro-government forces attacked the strategic town of Az-Zawiyah.

More than 30,000 Tunisians and Egyptians have fled Libya since Monday, according to the International Organisation for
Migration. The European Union seeks naval back-up in a bid to rescue up to 6,000 trapped Europeans.

* FRIDAY, February 25: Forces loyal to Gaddafi open fire on protesters in Tripoli, witnesses say. Thousands of people have been killed, Libya's deputy UN ambassador says.

Seif al-Islam Gaddafi admits the regime has lost grip of eastern Libya.

The UN Human Rights Council recommends that Libya be suspended from the body.

NATO and the European Union join forces to rescue stranded foreigners while EU governments gear up for a possible no-fly zone. The European Union agrees to impose an arms embargo, assets freezes and travel bans on Libya.

Gaddafi opponents move to restore normality and order in Benghazi, appointing a city council to get public services up and running again.

Gaddafi says in a speech in Tripoli's Green Square he will throw open the country's arsenals to his supporters, telling hundreds of cheering supporters to prepare for a fight.

The White House says the United States is to impose unilateral and multilateral sanctions on Libya. The US embassy in Tripoli suspends operations for security reasons.

* SATURDAY, February 26: The UN Security Council embarks on an urgent debate on how to sanction Gaddafi for his deadly offensive on opposition protesters.

The International Organisation for Migration says between 40,000 and 50,000 migrants fled across Libya's land borders this week.

Many countries including China, the United States and EU members continue to evacuate their citizens.

Seif al-Islam Gaddafi said protesters trying to topple his father are being manipulated and the situation had "opened the doors to a civil war," while denying African mercenaries had been recruited to attack demonstrators.