Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak went on trial on Wednesday for conspiring to kill protesters who drove him from office on Feb. 11 after 30 years at the helm.
Here is a timeline on Mubarak during his 30 years in office:
Oct. 6, 1981 - Vice-President Mubarak is thrust into office when Islamists gun down President Anwar Sadat at a military parade. He is approved as president in a referendum in November.
February 1986 - Police, many of them conscripts, riot over work conditions. More than 100 people are killed and hotels and other buildings are burned. The army quashes the mutiny.
June 26, 1995 - Gunmen attack Mubarak's car as he arrives at an African summit in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa. He is unhurt and returns to Egypt.
Nov. 17, 1997 - Islamist militant group al-Gama'a al-Islamiya (Islamic Group) kills 58 tourists and four Egyptians at an ancient temple near Luxor. It is the most dramatic act in a 1990s rebellion by Islamists seeking to establish an Islamic state. It is eventually crushed by state security.
June 2004 - Mubarak has successful back surgery in Germany and resumes powers he briefly handed to his prime minister.
March 2005 - Street protests by the Kefaya (Enough) Movement draw hundreds across Egypt to oppose a fifth six-year term for Mubarak or any attempt to install his son Gamal in his place.
May 11, 2005 - Parliament votes to change the constitution to allow contested presidential elections, dismissing opposition complaints that strict rules would prevent genuine competition.
Sept. 27, 2005 - Mubarak is sworn in for a fifth consecutive term after winning the first multi-candidate presidential poll on Sept. 7. Rights groups say the vote was marred by abuses. His closest rival, Ayman Nour, comes a distant second and is later jailed on charges he says are politically motivated.
Dec. 8, 2005 - The Muslim Brotherhood wins 20 percent of the seats in parliament, its best showing. Rights groups say the vote was marred by abuses to ensure Mubarak's ruling party retains a big majority.
April 2008 - Riots erupt in a number of cities over wages, rising prices and shortages of subsidised bread.
March 27, 2010 - Mubarak reassumes presidential powers after three weeks recovering from gallbladder surgery in Germany.
Nov. 29, 2010 - A parliamentary election virtually eliminates opposition to Mubarak's ruling party in the assembly before a 2011 presidential vote. The Brotherhood and several other opposition groups boycott the vote.
Jan. 25, 2011 - Anti-government protests begin across the country, driven by discontent over poverty and repression.
Jan. 28 - Mubarak orders troops and tanks into cities overnight to quell the demonstrations.
Jan. 31 - Egypt swears in a new government. New Vice-President Omar Suleiman says Mubarak has asked him to start dialogue with all political forces.
Feb. 6 - Opposition groups, including the banned Brotherhood, hold talks with the government, chaired by the vice-president.
Feb. 10 - Mubarak says national dialogue underway, transfers powers to vice-president but he refuses to leave office immediately. Protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square are enraged.
Feb. 11 - Mubarak steps down and a military council takes control, Vice President Omar Suleiman says on state television.
April 12 - Mubarak is hospitalised after being questioned by prosecutors. The next day, Egypt orders Mubarak detained for questioning on accusations he abused his power, embezzled funds and had protesters killed.
May 24 - Mubarak is ordered to stand trial for his role in killing protesters and other crimes. If convicted, he could face the death penalty.
Aug. 3 - The ailing Mubarak, wheeled into a courtroom cage in Cairo on a bed to face trial, denies the charges against him. His two sons, Gamal and Alaa, also deny the charges. On trial with them are the former interior minister, six other senior police officers and Mubarak confidant Hussein Salem. Salem has fled the country.