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Nepal timeline

world Updated: Sep 18, 2007 14:51 IST

Hindustan Times
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June 2001

: Palace killings, Crown Prince Dipendra guns down his parents King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya and seven other members of the royal family before turning the gun on himself. His brother Gyanendra accedes to the throne.

July 2001

: Maoists intensify a campaign of violence. Prime Minister Deuba (heading the eleventh government in 11 years) announces peace with rebels and truce begins

November 2001

: Maoists end truce and King Gyanendra declares a state of emergency after more than 100 people are killed in four days of violence. King Gyanendra orders army to crush the Maoist rebels.


: Violent clashes between military and rebels. Parliament dissolved and fresh elections are called. King Gyanendra dismisses Deuba and Lokendra Bahadur appointed to head government.

January 2003

: Rebels and government declare ceasefire, which the Rebels pull out of 7 months later.

May/June 2003

: Chand resigns as prime minister. King appoints his own nominee Surya Bahadur Thapa as new premier.

May 2004

: Thapa resigns following prolonged street protests by opposition groups.

December 2004

: Over 800 people die this month alone. Amnesty International reports a "dramatic escalation" in the number of "disappearances," some 378 just in 2004, more than in the previous five years combined.

Feb 2005

: King Gyanendra declares state of emergency and assumes total power, appointing a new cabinet loyal to the Monarchy and unveiling a roadmap he says would put Nepal on track to democracy in three years. Political party leaders are imprisoned, access to all phone lines and internet curtailed, security forces placed in newsrooms and public gatherings.

Escalation of violence between the Maoists and military. Enormous political pressure including a halt to military aid from Britain and India and a threat to halt aid by the US.

April 2005

: the king lifts the state of emergency, but can reinstate it at his will.

2006 January: Around 150,000 people take part in one of the largest anti-monarchy rally to date in Nepal.

February 2006

: Amnesty International calls on Gyanendra to release nearly 900 activists held in the run-up to the first anniversary of his seizure of power.

April 2006

: Strikes and protests are called by opposition parties to end monarchy. Prices continue to soar, farmers incur losses as produce cannot get produce to markets, daytime curfew imposed amidst protests. Gyanendra agrees to reinstate Parliament.

January 2007

: Maoists re-enter Parliament