Exiled Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama was officialy made an honorary citizen of Paris on Sunday, despite fierce opposition from Beijing.
The award to the Dalai Lama has proved a diplomatic headache for France, which is still trying to patch up ties to China, strained in recent months by a December meeting between President Nicolas Sarkozy and the Tibetan leader.
Beijing accuses the Dalai Lama of being a leader of Tibetan separatists, and regards any official meeting with him as meddling in its internal affairs. It has warned European capitals of diplomatic retaliation.
The Dalai Lama has himself made no effort to avoid upsetting China, holding several meetings with Chinese dissidents, French lawmakers and reporters to denounce was he said was a "death sentence" imposed on Tibet.