The first blueprints of a possible final Copenhagen agreement were released in draft form on Friday by two ad-hoc groups charged with working out a compromise between the rich and developing nations.
Neither draft met with the complete approval of either the rich or developing nations, suggesting a long negotiation process before a final text can be approved and placed before heads of state on December 18.
One draft, by the group on long-term cooperative action (LCA), asks leaders to keep global temperatures from rising by more than 1.5 to 2ºC. To do so, rich nations would have to limit emissions by 25 to 40 per cent by 2020. One gaping hole in this draft was that it did not specify the exact amount of carbon mitigation finance.
Europe on Friday announced a mitigation fund of $3.5 billion (Rs 350 crore) over three years. The US has pledged $10 billion (Rs 1,000 crore) a year for three years — both nowhere near what the developing nations want.
The second draft asks rich nations to reduce emissions by 30 to 45 per cent but did not specify a base level over which those reductions should occur. India and China want the base year to be 1990.
Delegates have a day to respond to the drafts.
India was dissatisfied with the LCA draft. Environment minister Jairam Ramesh said, “We have a lot of differences with it in its present form.”
Senior negotiator Chandrashekhar Dasgupta said, “It does not indicate forward movement in negotiations.”
The European Union also rejected it. The US said no deal was possible without major economies committing to cuts
In one regard, the LCA draft reflects India and China’s position: it doesn’t require developing countries to cut emissions. And developed countries won’t be allowed to monitor the domestic mitigation actions of developing countries.
Non-profit organisations welcomed the draft. Greenpeace said it provided a chance for a “fair, ambitious and legally binding” deal next week.