Key facts on the Independent State of Samoa and the US territory of American Samoa
Located about 2,300 miles (3,700 kilometers) southwest of Hawaii and 1,600 miles (2,575 kilometers) northeast of New Zealand.
Largest island is Tutuila, home to 95 percent of the territory's 65,000 population.
A US territory since 1900.
Used as a training and staging area for the US Marine Corps during World War II. Controlled by the US Navy until 1951.
Territory is administered by the US Department of Interior. Those born in the territory are US nationals, not citizens.
Local government is organized like the US government, with a Senate, a House of Representatives and an elected governor. Represented in Congress by a nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives.
American Samoa doesn't vote in elections for US president and vice president, but residents can vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections.
Tuna canneries account for nearly 60 per cent of all economic activity.
Independent State of Samoa
A German protectorate from 1900 until World War I.
Administered by New Zealand until 1962, when it gained independence and formed a parliamentary democracy.
Changed its name from Western Samoa to Independent State of Samoa in 1997.
Population is about 179,000.