Shells rained down on Mogadishu in a second day of battles on Friday as Ethiopian and Somali troops sought to flush out militant Islamist insurgents in the worst fighting since a war over the New Year.
After around 30 people died on Thursday, terrified residents said there was no let-up in the fighting across the bullet-scarred city on the Indian Ocean coast.
"A mortar has just fallen into the house next to me. We can hear crying and can see smoke," Faisal Jamah, a resident of south Mogadishu, said by telephone. "We barely slept last night. The sky was lit up by shelling all night."
Ethiopian troops supporting the interim Somali government used tanks and helicopters to launch a major offensive against the rebels on Thursday.
At least 100 people were wounded on Thursday, and the toll of deaths and injuries looked set to rise.
"There are a lot of wounded, but there is no way to take them to the hospitals due to the fighting on the roads," Jamah added as gunfire echoed around the streets on Friday morning.
With some of the clan militia who used to run the lawless city fighting alongside the Islamists, the violence has left a ceasefire between the Ethiopian military and the city's main clan, the Hawiye, in tatters.
Local broadcaster Shabelle said machine-gun fire was echoing since dawn around the area of Mogadishu's football stadium, where Ethiopian soldiers and insurgents had dug trenches just a few meters from each other.
"The sound of heavy artilleries could be heard in all parts of the capital city while panic-stricken civilians are still fleeing from the city," Shabelle said on its Web site.
The private media network added that at least 30 people had died in Thursday's fighting.
Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi said, however, that a reconciliation conference scheduled to start in mid-April was still on track. Moderate Islamists would be invited, he said.
"Those who renounce violence and recognize the Transitional Federal Charter can participate," he told the BBC from Riyadh, referring to the charter under which his government was established in neighboring Kenya in 2004.
The mandate for the government, which was set up in the 14th attempt to restore central rule to Somalia since 1991, runs out in 2009, after which in theory there should be elections.
Gedi denied security was deteriorating even further in Mogadishu. "This is what the mass media is spreading, but the reality is different," he said.
But reporters are witnessing ever more violent scenes.
On Thursday, the agency staff saw helicopters firing on buildings and spoke to witnesses in a mosque hit by a mortar that decapitated a teenager and killed a baby taking refuge.
In another grisly scene on Thursday, local journalist Osman Gabayre said he came across five dead civilians and the wreck of an Ethiopian army truck with 17 dead soldiers inside. Mobs dragged some of the corpses through the streets with ropes.
The African Union (AU) has sent 1,200 Ugandan troops to help pacify Somalia. But they have also been attacked in a nation that defied a UN-US peacekeeping mission in the early 1990s.
Other African nations are balking at sending further troops needed to boost the AU force to its planned strength of 8,000.
Tens of thousands of Mogadishu residents have fled the city, many piling their possessions onto donkey-carts.