At least 11 people, most of them militants, were killed in shootouts in Pakistan's northwest, where the army has been engaged in battles against the Taliban, officials said on Sunday.
The incidents took place in the restive northwestern town of Bannu and the tribal region of Mohmand near the Afghan border.
"At least six militants and two local tribesmen including the chief of the local peace committee were killed during an exchange of fire in Mohmand's Khawazi village late on Saturday," Ghafoor Khan, a local official said.
Another local official, Javed Ali also confirmed the incident and said the peace committee chief, Ajmal Khan, and one of his supporters were killed in the gunfight that broke out after militants attacked Khan's house.
"Khan's supporters returned fire, killing six militants," he added.
Ajmal Khan was a pro-government tribal elder who had captured 12 militants and handed them over to security forces last week.
Mohmand, bordering eastern Afghanistan's Kunar province, is one of seven lawless tribal districts in northwestern Pakistan, where Taliban militants frequently attack local tribesmen and security forces.
In a separate incident, two civilians and a policeman were killed when militants ambushed a police convoy in the restive northwestern Bannu town on Sunday.
"Three policemen were on a routine patrol in Meryan village of Bannu when they were attacked by a group of 10 militants," senior local official Iqbal Marwat told AFP.
He said one policeman and two farmers in nearby fields were killed in the incident.
Pakistan's northwest and lawless tribal areas have been beset by violence since Afghanistan's Taliban regime was toppled by the 2001 US-led invasion, prompting hundreds of fighters to flood the region.