Single people as healthy as married ones
Hui Liu of Michigan State University and lead researcher of the study says sociologists since the 1970s have emphasised that marriage benefits health, more so for men than for women.world Updated: Aug 11, 2008 13:20 IST
Single persons are becoming almost as healthy as their married counterparts, according to a new study.
Hui Liu of Michigan State University and lead researcher of the study said sociologists since the 1970s have emphasised that marriage benefits health, more so for men than for women.
"Married people are still healthier than unmarried people," Liu said, "but the gap between the married and never-married is closing, especially for men".
Researchers analysed National Health Interview Survey data from a 30-year period between 1972 to 2002 and found that while the self-reported health of married people is still better than that of the never-married, the gap has closed considerably.
The trend is due almost exclusively to a marked improvement in the self-reported health of never-married men. Liu said that may be partly because never-married men have greater access to social resources and support that historically were found in a spouse.
Further, the research shows that the health status of the never-married has improved for all race and gender groups examined: men, women, blacks and whites. The health of married women also improved, while the health of married men remained stable.
"Politicians and scholars continue to debate the value of marriage for Americans," the researchers wrote, "with some going so far as to establish social programs and policies to encourage marriage among those social groups less inclined to marry, particularly the poor and minorities".
But the research findings "highlight the complexity of this issue" and suggest that "encouraging marriage in order to promote health may be misguided".
In contrast, the self-reported health for the widowed, divorced and separated worsened from 1972 to 2003 relative to their married peers. This held true for both men and women, although the widening gaps between the married and the previously married groups are more pronounced for women than for men.
The findings of Liu and fellow researcher Debra Umberson of the University of Texas will appear in the September issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behaviour.