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Timeline: Libya's civil war

world Updated: Oct 20, 2011 19:15 IST

Reuters
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Here is a timeline of the civil war in Libya since protests against Muammar Gaddafi broke out in February:

Feb 15/16, 2011 - The arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel starts a riot in Benghazi.

Feb 24 - Anti-government militias take control of central coastal city of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.

Feb 26 - The UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family, and refers the crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court.

Feb 28 - EU governments approve sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers.

March 5 - The rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) in Benghazi declares itself Libya's sole representative.

March 17 - The UN Security Council votes to authorise a no-fly zone over Libya and military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army.

March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi's forces on Benghazi and target Libya's air defences.

April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house in Tripoli kills Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren, his government says.

June 27 - The ICC issues arrest warrants for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi on charges of crimes against humanity.

Aug 21 - Rebels enter Tripoli with little resistance. Gaddafi makes audio addresses over state television calling on Libyans to fight off the rebel "rats".

Aug 23 - The rebels overrun Gaddafi's fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound in Tripoli, trashing the symbols of his rule.

Aug 29 - Gaddafi's wife, his daughter Aisha and two of his sons enter Algeria. Aisha Gaddafi gives birth in a clinic in a border town hours after crossing the frontier.

Sept 1 - Libya's interim rulers meet world leaders at a conference in Paris to discuss reshaping Libya. Gaddafi, on the 42nd anniversary of his coming to power, urges his supporters to fight on.

Sept 8 - Interim prime minister Mahmoud Jibril arrives in Tripoli on his first visit since it was taken by his forces.

Sept 11 - Libya starts producing oil again. Niger says Gaddafi's son Saadi has arrived there.

Sept 13 - Interim government chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil makes his first speech in Tripoli to a crowd of about 10,000.

Sept 15 - France's Nicolas Sarkozy and Britain's David Cameron land in Libya to a heroes' welcome.

Sept 16 - The UN Security Council eases sanctions on Libya, including on its national oil company and central bank. The UN General Assembly approves a request to accredit interim government envoys as Libya's sole representatives at the UN, effectively recognizing the NTC.

Sept 20 - US President Barack Obama calls for the last of Gaddafi's loyalist forces to surrender as he announces the return of the US ambassador to Tripoli. Gaddafi taunts NATO in a speech broadcast by Syrian-based Arrai television station.

Sept 21 - The interim rulers say they have captured most of Sabha, one of three main towns where Gaddafi loyalists have been holding out since the fall of Tripoli. Gaddafi's birthplace Sirte and the town of Bani Walid continue to resist.

Sept 25 - The first Libyan crude oil to be shipped in months sails from the eastern port of Marsa el Hariga for Italy.

Sept 27 - NATO says Libya's interim rulers have taken full control of the country's stockpile of chemical weapons and nuclear material.

Oct 12 - Government fighters capture Gaddafi's son Mo'tassim after he tried to escape Sirte.

Oct 13 - NTC forces say they have control of the whole of Sirte except neighbourhood 'Number Two' where Gaddafi forces are surrounded.

Oct 14 - Gunfights break out in Tripoli between Gaddafi supporters and NTC forces, the first sign of armed resistance to the new government.

Oct 17 - NTC forces celebrate the capture of Bani Walid, one of the final bastions of Gaddafi loyalists.
-- A Syrian television station confirms Gaddafi's son Khamis died in fighting southeast of Tripoli on Aug 29.

Oct 18 - US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton arrives in Libya on an unannounced visit, urges militias to unite.

Oct 20 - NTC fighters capture Sirte, Gaddafi's hometown, ending a two-month siege and extinguishing the last significant hold out of troops loyal to the deposed leader.

Oct 20 - An NTC field commander says Gaddafi was captured NTC fighters in his hometown Sirte and later died of his wounds.