US President Barack Obama seemed to lose control of his second-term agenda even before he was sworn in, when a school massacre led him to lift gun control to the fore.
Now, as he tries to pivot from a stinging defeat on that issue and push forward on others, the president finds himself rocked by multiple controversies that are demoralizing his Democratic allies, emboldening his political foes and posing huge distractions for all.
It is unclear how long he will be dogged by inquiries into last year's deadly attack in Libya, the US tax agency targeting of tea conservative party groups and now the seizure of Associated Press phone records in a leak investigation. But if nothing else, these episodes give new confidence and swagger to opposition Republicans who were discouraged by Obama's re-election last November and their inability to block tax hikes as part of a January 1 financial crisis deal.
Taken together, these matters will make it harder for the administration to focus on its priorities — racking up a few more accomplishments before next year's national elections.
"It's a torrential downpour, and it's happening at the worst possible time, because the window is closing" on opportunities to accomplish things before the 2014 campaigns, said Matt Bennett, who worked in the Clinton White House. From here on, he said, "it's going to be very, very difficult."
Obama pressures Congress over gun control
So far, there's no evidence that Obama knew about — let alone was involved in — the government actions in question. But a president usually is held accountable for his administration's actions, and Republicans now have material to fuel accusations and congressional hearings that they hope will embarrass him, erode his credibility and bolster their argument that his government is overreaching. Even some of his Democratic allies are publicly expressing dismay at the AP phone records seizure.
Obama advisers on Tuesday cast the trio of controversies as matters that flare up in an institution as complex as the US government, and they questioned the impact of them. The one exception, advisers said, was the brewing scandal at the Internal Revenue Service, the federal tax collection agency, which they see as the issue most likely to strike a chord with Americans.
Justice investigating tax targeting of tea party
The IRS has apologized for what it calls "inappropriate" targeting of conservative political groups, including tea party affiliates, that were seeking tax-exempt status in recent years. A Treasury Department inspector general's report released Tuesday concluded that ineffective management led to the targeting, and Attorney General Eric Holder said he had ordered a Justice Department investigation.
But Holder distanced himself from the decision to subpoena the AP records, saying he had had no part in it, stepping aside because he had been interviewed in a government investigation into who provided information for a news story that disclosed details of a CIA operation in Yemen. US obtains big swath of AP phone records
The press case sparked bipartisan outcry, with several Republican and Democratic officials questioning Holder's department's actions in the matter. Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus said the attorney general should resign over the issue, adding: "Freedom of the press is an essential right in a free society."
Sens. Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy, both Democrats, called on the Justice Department to explain the records seizure. And Rep. Steny Hoyer, the House's second-ranking Democratic leader, said, "This is activity that should not have happened and must be checked from happening again."
As the press and tax issues boiled over Tuesday, many conservative activists stayed focused on the attack last September in Benghazi, Libya, that killed four Americans, including Ambassador Christopher Stevens. Republicans have spent the past eight months accusing the Obama administration of ignoring security needs before the attack, and of revising subsequent "talking points" to play down the role of Islamic terrorists in the assault, which occurred at the height of Obama's re-election campaign.
— the secretary of state at the time, and a possible presidential candidate in 2016 — is the target of many Republican accusations.
Despite the noisy controversies, White House advisers tamped down suggestions that Obama would make any sudden moves, such as firing top officials or shaking up his team. In a Tuesday night statement on the inspector general's IRS report, Obama said he expected those responsible to be held "accountable" though he did not specify what that should entail.
On all three matters, the White House Tuesday steered blame to other administration agencies. The disputed Benghazi talking points, advisers said, were chiefly the CIA's work. In discussing the tax controversy, the White House has emphasized the agency's independent status. And Obama's spokesman has deflected all questions about AP phone records to the Justice Department, saying that the president and his aides didn't know about the case until they read press reports Monday.
Asked why Obama could not simply ask the attorney general about the Justice Department subpoenas, Jay Carney, the spokesman, said, "A great deal prevents the president from doing that. It would be wholly inappropriate for the president to involve himself in a criminal investigation that ... involves leaks of information from the administration."
White House officials said Obama plans to press his second-term agenda as planned, but the contentious issues are complicating that effort.
Amid new revelations about Benghazi and the tax agency, Obama's attempts last Friday to highlight the implementation of key components of the health care law — his first term's signature accomplishment — were largely ignored.
Libya attack video
Republican consultant John Feehery says the tax agency and Benghazi controversies undercut the president's argument for increasing the government's role in health care and almost everything else. They undermine the notion, he said, "that government is trustworthy and can fix problems."
However, the biggest item now before Congress — whether to rewrite the nation's immigration laws and provide a pathway to citizenship for millions of people here illegally — may be barely touched by the hubbub. Many Republican leaders say the party must embrace immigration revisions to improve the party's weak standing with Hispanic voters, a fast-growing constituency that went overwhelmingly for Obama in the election. Denying Obama a victory on immigration, they say, could do even more damage to Republicans.