A United Nations body condemned Canada for expelling an Indian who was tied during his flight home and allegedly beaten on his return.
The "expulsion of an individual to India who had been bound during the flight back, and who had subsequently been beaten and humiliated on his return had been in violation of article 3 of the Convention," the UN anti-torture committee said in a statement.
The article stipulates that it is an obligation not to send an individual back to a country where he or she is at risk on torture or ill-treatment.
It said ottawa had not followed its recommendation to compensate the individual and criticised it for "basing its deportation decision on information that had not been available to the individual."
However the body noted that Canada had since amended "its legislation in this area.