The Security Council is expected to approve new measures on Thursday aimed at ensuring that UN sanctions target the right people, companies and organisations for links to al-Qaida and the Taliban -including a new ombudsperson.
Since the council imposed sanctions against the Taliban a decade ago, questions have been raised about the fairness of the list and the rights of those subject to punitive measures to argue their case for being removed.
There is also a problem of insufficient information about some on the list which prevents police, border authorities and financial institutions from implementing sanctions.
Austria, which currently heads the Security Council committee monitoring sanctions against al-Qaida and the Taliban, said about 30 court cases have been filed by listed individuals in Europe, Pakistan, Turkey and the United States protesting their inclusion.
The US-sponsored resolution hammered out after lengthy negotiations, would strengthen the current sanctions regime, make it more transparent, and try to address these shortcomings.
A US official, speaking on condition of anonymity because negotiations have been private, said the resolution is expected to be adopted unanimously on Thursday.