US accuses Russia of stoking crisis in east Ukraine
The United States accused Russia on Tuesday of sending its agents to stoke a flaring secession crisis in eastern Ukraine that Moscow itself conceded could spill over into civil war.world Updated: Apr 08, 2014 22:43 IST
The United States accused Russia on Tuesday of sending its agents to stoke a flaring secession crisis in eastern Ukraine that Moscow itself conceded could spill over into civil war.
The blunt US charge came as Ukraine's embattled leaders waged an uphill battle to keep their culturally splintered nation of 46 million together after the February ouster of a pro-Kremlin president and subsequent loss of Crimea to Russia.
An eery echo of the Black Sea peninsula's separation sounded on Sunday when militants -- many of them masked -- stormed a series of strategic buildings across a swathe of heavily Russified eastern regions and demanded that Moscow send its troops for support.
Ukraine mounted a counter-offensive on Tuesday by vowing to treat the separatists as "terrorists" and making 70 arrests in a nighttime security sweep aimed at proving the Kremlin's involvement in the secessionist movement.
An urgent deployment of forces saw Kiev also regain control of an administration building in Kharkiv and the security service headquarters of Donetsk -- the stronghold of Viktor Yanukovych prior to his ouster as president and flight to Russia.
But Kalashnikov-wielding militants still held on to the main police headquarters of the nearby city of Lugansk after breaking into its massive weapons cache and releasing several activists who had been accused of plotting a coup.
And hundreds of pro-Russians remained holed up inside the Donetsk administration building a day after proclaiming the creation of a sovereign "people's republic" and demanding that an independence referendum be held before May 11.
"We have formed a provisional government in Donetsk," separatist leader Vadym Chernyakov told AFP inside the occupied building.
The 33-year-old said his forces intended to control the region's airport and railway stations in order to "maintain order".
The heart of Donetsk itself was a mesh of razor wire and hastily-assembled barricades of old tyres that could be set on fire in case the riot police decided to mount an assault on the regional government seat.
But calm had returned to the city of Kharkiv after a night of violence that saw retreating militants throw Molotov cocktails at the administration building as hundreds of police regained control of it.
Interior Minister Arsen Avakov said upon his return from Ukraine's second-largest city that the Kharkiv police -- its chiefs promoted under Yanukovych -- had in many cases worked with the militants.
"Instead of serving the motherland, a substantial part of the police force sabotaged the process," Avakov told reporters.
"I think many of them -- about 30 percent -- will be let go."
Months of deadly political turmoil threaten not only to break up the vast nation on the EU's eastern frontier along its ethnic divisions but also plunge Moscow's relations with the West to a low that may take decades to repair.
US Secretary of State John Kerry appeared to cast aside the last vestiges of diplomatic decor on Tuesday by explicitly accusing the Kremlin of sending operates into eastern Ukraine in order to foment unrest.
"Everything that we've seen in the last 48 hours, from Russian provocateurs and agents operating in eastern Ukraine, tells us that they've been sent there determined to create chaos," Kerry told US lawmakers.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague backed up that message by noting that the flareup bore "all the hallmarks of a Russian strategy to destabilise Ukraine".
And NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen reaffirmed on a visit to Paris that Moscow -- its forces now massed along Ukraine's eastern frontier -- would be making an "historic mistake" if it were to intervene in Ukraine any further.
Yet the sharply barbed rhetoric has not yet led to a complete breakdown in diplomatic relations similar to the one that had endangered global security in the nuclear-charged decades of the Cold War.
Kerry said he intended to meet Russian Minister Sergei Lavrov "in Europe next week" to discuss preparations for possible four-way talks with Ukraine and EU diplomats.
Russia warns of 'civil war'
The West's anxiety stems in part from Russian President Vladimir Putin's vow to use "all means necessary" to protect his compatriots in Ukraine.
Moscow is further demanding a decentralisation of power that could push Ukraine's east further out of Kiev's reach and into what the West fears may turn into the Kremlin's permanent ambit.
The Russian foreign ministry put still more pressure on Kiev on Tuesday by accusing it of making "military preparations (in eastern regions) that are fraught with the risk of unleashing a civil war."
Russia has also put tough conditions on Washington's four-way talks idea by stressing that negotiations should also include representatives of Ukraine's southern and eastern regions -- a condition implicitly unacceptable to Kiev.
"When we are talking about negotiations at such a level, they should only include official state representatives," Ukrainian foreign ministry spokesman Yevgen Perebiynis said.