The United States now faces new array of security challenges from across the globe, including the rise of new powers in Asia; behavior of countries like Iran and North Korea and proliferation of lethal weapons, Defence Secretary Leon Panetta said today.
"Even as our large-scale military campaigns recede, the United States still faces complex and growing array of security challenges across the globe," Panetta said at a Pentagon news conference on the occasion of release of new strategic review document of the Department of Defense.
"Unlike past drawdowns, when oftentimes the threats that the country was facing went away, the fact is that there remain a number of challenges that we have to confront, challenges that call for reshaping of America's defense priorities, focusing on the continuing threat of violent extremism, which is still there and still to be dealt with, proliferation of lethal weapons and materials, the destabilizing behavior of nations like Iran and North Korea, the rise of new powers across Asia, and the dramatic changes that we've seen unfold in the Middle East," Panetta said.
Panetta, however, did not identify the countries which poses threat to the US.
But moments earlier, President Barack Obama said that China poses a long term security threat to the United States.
"All of this comes at a time when America confronts a very serious deficit and debt problem here at home, a problem which is itself a national security risk that is squeezing both the defense and domestic budgets," he said.
"The department would need to make a strategic shift regardless of the nation's fiscal situation. We are at that point in history. That's the reality of the world we live in. Fiscal crisis has forced us to face this strategic shift --shift that's taking place now," he said.
Panetta said four over-arching principles that have guided US deliberations on this strategic review.
"One, we must maintain the world's finest military; one that supports and sustains the unique global leadership role of the United States in today's world. Two, we must avoid hollowing out the force. A smaller, ready and well-equipped military is much more preferable to a larger, ill- prepared force that has been arbitrarily cut across the board," he said.
"Third, savings must be achieved in a balanced manner, with everything on the table, including politically sensitive areas that will likely provoke opposition from parts of the Congress, from industry and from advocacy groups. That's the nature of making hard choices," he said.
"Four, we must preserve the quality of the all-volunteer force and not break faith with our men and women in uniform or their families," he added.