Lack of coordination between police, govt reason for Delhi’s high road fatalities
In Part 3 of our series Say Yes To Helmets, we look at why Delhi’s road fatalities are so high and what can be done to bring down the accidents.delhi Updated: Nov 03, 2016 18:01 IST
Delhi recorded its lowest road accident fatality in 25 years this year, but there is very little reason to celebrate.
Experts say that with 1,622 people losing their life last year, Delhi still tops the list of maximum road deaths, compared to all other metro cities in the country. Out of these deaths, two-wheeler riders constitute the third most vulnerable category, after pedestrians and cyclists.
A major cause for this high fatality, they say, is the lack of coordination between the central government-controlled Delhi Police and the Aam Aadmi Party government in Delhi.
“The Delhi Traffic Police, which is the primary traffic enforcement agency in the city, is not answerable to the state government. In such a case, problems are likely to arise. The Delhi government’s transport department and the traffic police are working independently,” said a senior Delhi police official, on condition of anonymity.
He said this was the main reason why no major traffic awareness programmes were launched in the city in the last few years.
In every other state, the police is under the state government and so the implementation of awareness drives becomes easy. Kerala and Ranchi recently distributed free helmets to those travelling without it, and Maharashtra implemented the‘no helmet no fuel’ policy.
No such major drives are possible in Delhi because the traffic police which is the primary enforcement agency, is not under the Delhi government.
The roles of the transport department and the traffic police are also not completely demarcated.
The lack of coordination was clear during the Delhi government’s odd-even road rationing scheme and also during the car-free days, which were introduced every month at different locations in the capital, to discourage people from using private vehicles.
“These schemes would have worked much better with the police and the government working hand-in-hand. The attempt was commendable but there was a half-hearted effort from the enforcement teams, mainly because they do not report to the state government,” said Dr Nilanjan Bhaskar, road safety and policy expert.
Senior officials from Delhi traffic police have often said that lack of ample staff has held the department back. At present, the department has a total staff strength of just over 5,000 personnel.
The same problem is also plaguing the transport department’s enforcement wing. Lack of enough personnel and resources have slowed down operations.
The traffic unit of the Delhi Police has, however, conducted several drives to encourage two-wheeler riders to wear helmets. One of the most successful of these is the operation Chakravyuh, which was launched in 2015.
“We target a location and our personnel surround it from all sides. When violators are spotted, our men form a ring and do not allow them to escape. These violators are also penalised. We have been conducting the operation in different locations. Along with penalties, our teams also educate riders on the effects of not wearing helmets,” said joint commissioner of police (traffic) Garima Bhatnagar.
The Supreme Court’s intervention has also helped enforce traffic rules better. The apex court ordered that all traffic violations likely to cause fatalities will lead to the suspension of the offender’s driving license for at least three months, along with the usual penalty.
Since December last year, over 1.5 lakh licenses were suspended, and a major chunk of this comprises two-wheeler riders.
Delhi has a vehicle population of 8.9 million, of which 5.68 million are just two-wheelers and their number is increasing rapidly.
In 2001, Delhi had just 2.26 million two-wheelers, while in 1991, the number stood at just 1.29 million.
“Delhi has seen a major spike in the number of two wheeler registrations. When you compare it to the numbers in 1971, people had lower incomes and could not afford to buy their own vehicles. But now, the standard of life has improved and the availability of finance is also easy. Delhi also does not have vehicles from the city alone. Vehicles from NCR and other neighbouring states also travel on its roads almost every day,” said a senior transport department official.
According to section 129 of the Motor Vehicle Act 1988, wearing a helmet by both—driver and pillion rider— is mandatory.Today, 27 years later, the number of people following this rule is still a minority.
Although adherence to this helmet rule is almost 80-90% within city limits, riders from neighbouring states, where the rule is not so strictly enforced, do not care to wear helmets.
Dr Nianjan Bhaskar said it will take time for people to internalise the importance of the helmet and other safety gear while riding a bike. The lack of strict enforcement of rules, along with the lethargic approach of enforcing agencies, a lack of public awareness and no fear of the law among the public, have all resulted in pulling back the system. When it will finally fall into place, only time will tell, he added.
- Awareness drives: Traffic police is spreading awareness among bikers through its constables and several drives
- CCTV and e-challans: Delhi Traffic Police, last year, installed a network of high-security CCTV cameras. The number of violating vehicles are detected and challans are auto-generated and sent to the violators via post
- Operation ‘Chakravyuh’: Traffic dept teams surround a market or a residential colony and trap violators
- Traffic Sentinel Scheme: Traffic police launched scheme in Dec 2015. People could click photos or take videos and report to police. Over 7,000 traffic sentinels reported 131,467 violations. Out of these, around 43,000 were sans helmets.
- WHO data shows that almost a quarter of the victims of road traffic collisions who require admission to a hospital facility have sustained a traumatic brain injury
- The lack or inappropriate use of helmets has been shown to increase the risk of fatalities and injuries resulting from road crashes involving motorised two-wheelers
- Bikers without helmets are three times more likely to sustain head injuries in a crash compared to those wearing helmets
- Helmet-wearing rates vary from slightly above zero in some low-income countries to almost 100% in places where laws on helmet use are effectively enforced
- Although helmets have generally been widely worn in most high-income countries, there is evidence of a decline in usage in some countries
- Low-income countries have found that more than half of adult motorised two-wheeler riders do not wear properly secured helmets
- Child passengers rarely wear helmets, or wear adult helmets that do not adequately protect them
- Helmets developed in high-income countries may not be appropriate in countries with hot climates
- In Malaysia, the introduction of a helmet law led to a 30% reduction in motorcycle deaths
- In Italy, the introduction and implementation of a law on helmet use resulted in helmet use increasing from 20% in 1999, to more than 96% in 2001. There was a corresponding drop in the number of head injuries.
- Mandatory helmet laws in the United States of America have shown their implementation and enforcement to reduce the number of injuries sustained by two-wheeler users by 20–30%.
- Helmet suitable for tropical climates has been developed in VietNam, while in Malaysia research is underway to develop helmets specifically suitable for children.
This is the concluding part of our series, Say Yes To Helmets. Join the conversation and tell @htTweets what can be done to reduce road fatalities in Delhi.