Rest of Delhi leaves behind south
Is Delhi a better place to live in than a decade ago? The latest census report 2011 shows it definitely is. And the growing quality of life is not limited to just the 'posh' south Delhi.delhi Updated: May 08, 2012 02:08 IST
Is Delhi a better place to live in than a decade ago? The latest census report 2011 shows it definitely is. And the growing quality of life is not limited to just the 'posh' south Delhi.
From cars to mobile phones to computers, unlikely areas such as east Delhi, west Delhi and southwest Delhi overshadow the 'richer' south in terms of growing affluence.The reason behind the emerging trend is the migration of middle-class and upper middle-class families to newer areas such as Dwarka. A desolate colony developed by DDA in 2001, it became a desirable address after the Metro reached the subcity in 2005.
One would perceive south Delhi to have the highest density of cars per household in the Capital. But it is west Delhi, with areas such as Punjabi Bagh and Patel Nagar, that marches ahead with 25.7% of households owning cars, compared to 21.9% in south Delhi.
In fact, east Delhi (24.7%) and southwest Delhi (22.8%) have more cars per household than south. The total number of cars per household has gone up from 13% in 2001 to 20.7% in 2011.
In the Census report 2001, there was no category on computers or laptops in houses and Internet connectivity. The 2011 Census enumerates these categories and the figures are nothing like what one would have expected. The total number of households with computers is 29.1%, of which 17.6% have Internet connections.
The highest number of computers per household is in the New Delhi area with 39.3% with 24.2% having Internet connectivity. Next in the list is east Delhi with 36% houses with computers of which 22.6% have an Internet connection. South Delhi comes fourth (31.9%) after southwest Delhi (33.8%).
Even though Delhi lags behind in providing proper housing to everyone, it seems every Delhiite and her grandmother has a telephone. Thanks to a large number of service providers competing with each other with competitive call plans and cheap entry level phones, the number of households with telephone connections has taken a leap from 34.7% in 2001 to 90.8% in 2011.
A larger number of houses have TV sets, whose number has gone up from 74.5% to 88%. When it comes to telephones, east Delhi again trumps south Delhi by a margin with 93.1% phone connections compared to the latter's 92.7%.
Compared to the last census in 2001 the number of houses has gone up from about 33.8 lakh to 46 lakh in 2011. The biggest increase has been in northwest Delhi, from 6.9 lakh to 10 lakh.
Though the largest number of them still remain one room houses, there numbers have come down from 38.12% to 32.18%. The biggest growth is in the number of two room houses (29.6% from 27%) and three room houses (18% from 20%).
"The trends show that income opportunities have spread across the
Capital from one particular area," said Anand Kumar, professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University. "There has been an enlargement of the pie and similar trends can be seen in Mumbai and Chennai," he said.