Gurgaon: 228 species of birds visit Sultanpur sanctuary every year
The report said of the 228 species, 55% were resident birds, 38% were winter birds and 6% were local migratory birds and only 2% were passage migrant (birds that just stop over at the park before heading elsewhere).gurgaon Updated: Oct 09, 2017 23:00 IST
The Sultanpur National Park attracts 228 species of birds from Russia, the UK, the Middle East countries during winter, according to a study carried out by the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) over the past three years. This report was released on Monday at the park.
BNHS works in the field of conservation and biodiversity research at different ecosystems in the country. The report said of the 228 species, 55% were resident birds, 38% were winter birds and 6% were local migratory birds and only 2% were passage migrant (birds that just stop over at the park before heading elsewhere).
The study was conducted to estimate the population of birds at the park, plan conservation strategy and understand the habitat of water birds at Sultanpur National Park. The study was carried out by a three-member team of BNHS.
“We stared the study on October 2014 and it continued till March 2017. The park is an important site for species of global concern as we noticed the species diversity at the park,” said BNHS principal scientist Bibhu Prakash.
He also pointed out that the wetland receiving migratory birds depended on many aspects that include flyway of the birds, breeding ground, wintering ground, water and food availability.
“Sultanpur National Park has an added advantage in that it is a natural depression of the Indo-Gangetic region. Birds come here naturally. Creating an artificial wetland is difficult and requires intensive management,” he said.
The report also recommended certain procedures and measures to be taken at the park to ensure the safety of birds.
The critical factors that affected the park were identified and improvements were suggested. This include better water management, timely fish supply, management of aquatic grass, habitat management for small waders, management of rescued birds and supervision of the population of wild ungulates and feral cattle (cattle that feed on grass in water bodies).
“The park should have a few small ponds where water can be preserved in summer for birds. There should also be a variety in the vegetation in the park. Plants such s small lilies, floating vegetation and submerged vegetation should be introduced in the park as water birds feed on these,” he said.
The recommendation will help improve the bird population at the park. The park every year witnesses a good number of duck species, including the gadwall, mallard, red-crested pochard, ruddy shelduck and common teal.