Children should have access to safe sanitary facilities and their faeces should be safely disposed of.health and fitness Updated: Aug 29, 2003 20:22 IST
Some examples of effective actions to protect children from risks from water are:
Extending access to improved sources amongst the ‘unserved’ in rural and urban areas.
Targeting hygiene education on key behaviours at both children and adults.
Safe water storage at home – and treatment of water in the home when its quality is in doubt - reduces water contamination and leads to proven health benefits.
Reliable safe water supply in schools has a direct impact on health and provides a model intervention serving as an educational contribution.
Protecting all water resources from contamination will contribute to health (that is, not only sources of drinking water but also, for example, water used for bathing and fishing).
Targeted measures in areas affected by hazardous chemicals in drinking water such as lead, fluoride and arsenic.
Some examples of effective actions for improved hygiene and sanitation are:
Ensure that children have access to safe sanitary facilities and that children’s faeces are safely disposed of.
Adequate and separate latrines for boys and girls in schools can encourage latrine use and thus reduce disease transmission.
Proper waste management and relocation of waste dumps away from human settlements protect children from scavenging and from exposure to hazards.
Washing hands with soap before meals and after defecating significantly reduces the risk of diarrhoeal disease.
First Published: Aug 29, 2003 20:22 IST