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Suffocation by smoke

While suffocating by smoke, protect yourself by a wet towel or a cloth over your mouth and nose.

health and fitness Updated: Sep 10, 2003 20:36 IST
PTI

1. Protect yourself by a towel or a cloth (preferably wet) over your mouth and nose.

2. Keep low and remove the casualty as quickly as possible away from the area.


Suffocation by Poisonous Gases

    Carbon Monoxide (lighter than air)

    This gas is present in car-exhaust fumes, in household coal gas: during incomplete combustion of charcoal stoves and in coal mines.

    Management

    The first aid treatment consists in removing the person from the area, applying artificial respiration and giving pure oxygen, if available.

      Ensure circulation of fresh air before entering the room by opening the doors and windows.

      Before entering the enclosed space take two or three deep breaths and hold your breath as long as you can.

      Crawl along the floor (as the gas is lighter than air)

      Remove the casualty as quickly as possible to fresh air.

      Loosen his clothes at neck and waist and give artificial respiration, if asphyxiated.

    Carbon-dioxide and other (heavier than air)

    This gas is found in coal mines, deep unused wells and sewers. Various other gases such as leaking refrigerator gases; compressed gases used for cooking and lighting may also cause suffocation.

    Management

      Observe all the precautions mentioned above.

      Enter in an upright position (as the gas is heavier than air and collects near the floor)

      Remove the casualty as quickly as possible to fresh air.

      Wherever ventilation is not possible and deadly poisonous gas is suspected, use a gas mask to protect yourself.

      (Source: Webhealthcentre.com)

First Published: Sep 10, 2003 20:36 IST