Driving licence to drink-driving: New Motor Vehicle Bill changes road rules
Here’s how some of the key points of the new traffic rules as proposed by the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2016 will matter to you.Updated: Apr 22, 2017, 11:30 IST
As many as 1,48,707 people were killed and 4,82,389 were injured in over 4,64,674 accidents on Indian roads in 2015. Those numbers speak volumes about the necessity to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, which was updated last in 2001.
The passage of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2016 in the Lok Sabha on Monday was thus a milestone in road-safety movement in the country. The new bill will enable digitalisation of vehicle and license registration system to end bogus licensing, besides accountability for faulty road design and engineering,and help curb road accidents by enforcing heavier fines.
Here’s how some of the key points of the new traffic rules will matter to you:
1) Pedestrians gets their way
The bill proposesgiving state governments the power to regulate the activities of pedestrians and non-motorised road-users in a public place.
How it impacts you: The government has finally recognised pedestrians as a part of road traffic, giving them rights and protection. The bill talks about having separate lanes for bicycles, skaters, push-carts and other non-motorised transport.
2) Strap on, children
The billproposesincreasing the safety of children in/on vehicles by enforcing stricter use of seat belts or a child-restraint system in cars and school-buses. Children older than four and travelling on a motorcycle have to wear a helmet.
How it impacts you: As many as 15,633 people under 18 years of age died on Indian roads in 2015: as much as 10.5% of total road fatalities that year.
3) Who dug up that road!
Contractors, consultants and civic agencies will be accountable for faulty design, construction or poor maintenance of roads leading to accidents. Those found guilty would be penalised up to Rs 1 lakh.
How it impacts you:People and civic agencies will have to face courts for bad roads and potholes. Currently, contractors get away because there is no “accountability framework”, says SaveLife Foundation, an NGO working for road safety.
4) Licensed to drive
People holding multiple or fake driving licences seemed an unsolvable problem till now. All regional transport offices will be computerised to set up a ‘National Register for Driving Licences and all licences will be linked to Aadhaar to solve that problem.
How it impacts you:It’s an open secret that people hire agents to get their driving licences, without going through driving tests at an RTO. Not anymore!
As transport minister Nitin Gadkari said about the new bill: “Even a minister like me cannot get my licence sitting at home.”
Driving licenses will have to be renewed every 10 years after the age of 30, and every 5 years after the age of 55.
5) For insurance claims
The new rules says the liability of third party insurer for road accidents is unlimited. According to a report of PRS India legislative, the maximum liability for third party insurance in case of motor accident has been capped at Rs 10 lakh in case of death and at Rs 5 lakh in case of grievous injury.
The bill provides for a ‘Motor Vehicle Accident Fund’ to provide compulsory insurance cover to road users in India for certain types of accidents.
Also, victims of “hit and run” accident cases will also be compensated from a ‘Solatium Fund’. The compensation has been capped at Rs 25,000 in case of deaths and Rs 12,500 in case of grievous injury.
The bill proposes a correction home-like institution for people who violate traffic rules repeatedly. Their names will be put in public domain and they will have to undergo a “driver refresher training course” to get their licences back.
For the first time, the government has proposed rules for cab aggregators like Ola Cabs, Uber and Meru. Any violation of the licence conditions by these companies will lead to a fine of Rs 25,000 to Rs 1,00,000.
The bill also proposes stricter motor recall policy for vehicles which do not meet standards. It also provides for establishing testing agencies for issuing certificates of approval.
The most important part of the bill are the fines for traffic rule violations which are proposed to multiply heavily. Here’s a table
The fines will increase @ 10% annually every April 1.
|Section||Title||Existing Penalty||Proposed minimum penalty|
|General||Rs 100||From Rs 500 up to Rs 1,500|
|New 177A||Violation of road rules and regulations||Rs 100|
From Rs 500 up to Rs. 1000
|179||Disobedience of authorities’ orders||Rs 500||Rs 2000|
|180||Unauthorised use of vehicles without licence||Rs 1000||Rs 5000|
|181||Driving without licence||Rs 500||Rs 5000|
|182||Driving despite disqualification||Rs 500||Rs 10,000|
|182 B||Oversized vehicles||New||Rs 5,000 - 10,000|
|183||Over speeding||Rs 400|
Rs 1000 for Light Motor Vehicle
From Rs 2,000 up to Rs. 4,000 for Medium /Heavy passenger and commercial vehicles
|184||Dangerous driving||Rs 1000||From Rs 1000 up to Rs 5000 and/or 6 -12 months imprisonment|
|185||Drunken driving||Rs 2000||Rs 10,000-15,000|
|186||Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive|
Rs 200 for the first offence and Rs 500 for subsequent offence
Rs 1000 for the first offence and Rs 2000 for subsequent offence
Punishment for offences relating to accidents
Imprisonment of up to 3 months and Rs 500 fine for first offence, 6 months and Rs 1000 fine for the second offence
6 months imprisonment and Rs 5000 fine for the first offence, and one year imprisonment and Rs 10,000 for subsequent offence
Speeding / racing
Vehicle without permit
Up to Rs 5000
Up to Rs 10,000
Aggregators like Ola, Uber, Meru (violations of licensing conditions)
Rs 25,000 to Rs 1,00,000
Rs 2000 and Rs 1000 per extra tonne
Rs 20,000 and Rs 2000 per extra tonne
Overloading of passengers
Rs 200 per extra passenger
|194 B||Seat belt||Rs 100||Rs 1000 for violation|
Child restraint: Rs. 1000/-
Overloading of two-wheelers
Rs 1000 , Disqualification of licence for 3 months
Not wearing helmet
Rs 1000, disqualification for 3 months for licence
Not providing way for emergency vehicles
Rs 10,000, six months imprisonment
Driving without vehicle insurance
Rs 2000 and /or three months imprisonment
Failure to comply with standards for road design, construction and maintenance
Up to Rs 1,00,000
Offences by juveniles
|Guardian of the juvenile and/or owner of the vehicle shall be deemed to be guilty, to be fined Rs 25,000 with three-year imprisonment. Juvenile to be tried under Juvenile Justice Act, and vehicle’s registration to be cancelled|
|210 B||Offences committed by enforcing authorities||Twice the penalty under the corresponding section|