PUBLISHED ON SEP 22, 2021 09:30 PM IST
- A latest study suggests that pregnant women who get mRNA vaccines pass high levels of antibodies to their babies. The study found that 36 newborns tested at birth all had antibodies to protect against Covid-19 after their mothers were vaccinated with shots from Pfizer Inc.-BioNTech SE or Moderna Inc.
UPDATED ON SEP 17, 2021 10:15 AM IST
- The findings identify specific receptors for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine that re-route information flowing through memory circuits in the hippocampus. Acetylcholine is released in the brain during learning and is critical for the acquisition of new memories.
PUBLISHED ON SEP 12, 2021 09:34 PM IST
- Data shows that during the pandemic, almost half (42 per cent) of participants in the study published in the journal, Lancet Regional Health-Americas, reported at least mild psychological distress and 10 per cent of participants reported moderate to severe psychological distress.
UPDATED ON SEP 10, 2021 10:06 AM IST
- Researchers refer to this as the gut-immune-brain axis. Bacteria in the gut cooperate with the immune system, which in turn monitors gut microbes and develops appropriate responses to them.
PUBLISHED ON SEP 03, 2021 11:58 PM IST
- "T cells in tumours become exhausted, but our study results show the stem-like T cells within the nearby lymph nodes do not experience exhaustion during the course of the disease," said Kelli A. Connolly, lead author of the study.
PUBLISHED ON SEP 01, 2021 04:38 PM IST
- Our comparative analysis showed loss of gait speed occurring mainly when abdominal fat and weak muscles were associated. Gait speed didn't decline so sharply in older people who had only abdominal fat or only weak muscles," said last author of a paper on the study.
UPDATED ON SEP 01, 2021 04:34 PM IST
- The researchers also found that if the situation involved a person they were close to, such as a family member, people were more likely to choose to feel compassion and that being compassionate in this context was easier.
UPDATED ON SEP 01, 2021 12:04 PM IST
- "Our results suggest that the brain's decision-making circuits may be wired to constantly monitor and integrate what is happening inside the body," said Peter Rudebeck, senior author of the study.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 31, 2021 03:30 PM IST
- After a four-week experiment involving 103 participants and more than 1,400 observations, researchers found that it is indeed more tiring to have your camera on during a virtual meeting.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 30, 2021 03:14 PM IST
- In the study, researchers observed that when the mother spoke to her baby at the time of the medical intervention, the signs of the baby's oxytocin level -- the hormone involved in attachment and also linked to stress -- increased significantly, which could attest to better pain management.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 29, 2021 01:33 PM IST
- "Vaccinated mothers can pass on this immunity to their babies, something we are working to confirm in our ongoing research," said Joseph Larkin III, PhD, senior author of the study and an associate professor in the UF/IFAS department of microbiology and cell science.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 24, 2021 01:50 PM IST
- As young adulthood is a critical period for initiation and heavy usage of smoking and alcohol, this study focused on changes in arterial stiffness between the ages of 17 and 24 and the relationship with these habits.
UPDATED ON AUG 23, 2021 11:36 AM IST
- Researchers have discovered that human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs)- short strings of sugar molecules abundant in breast milk- can help prevent infections in human cells. Someday, HMOs might be able to replace antibiotics for treating infections in infants and adults, they say.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 21, 2021 09:14 AM IST
- Study suggests cardiovascular genetic testing in children presents unique challenges, requiring pre-and post-test counselling with an individualized approach for families, ideally with the involvement of a specialized interdisciplinary team.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 18, 2021 09:29 PM IST
- "Findings from this study suggest that these patients and their care partners could receive important benefits from accessing their notes," said corresponding author Catherine M. DesRoches, DrPH, executive director of OpenNotes at BIDMC.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 18, 2021 09:21 AM IST
- The research analysed the associations between maternal diabetes before or during pregnancy and the risk of high refractive error (RE): conditions in which there is a failure of the eye to properly focus images on the retina.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 16, 2021 02:19 PM IST
- Researchers found that a higher level of regular exercise compared with inactivity was beneficial, even in polluted areas, although less exposure to pollution was better.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 13, 2021 08:58 PM IST
- The study was published in the journal Sleep and is among the first to measure the effectiveness of shorter naps -- which are often all people have time to fit into their busy schedules.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 12, 2021 08:48 PM IST
- Statistical analysis of the students' demographics and reported friendships showed that sitting next to each other increased the probability of their becoming mutual friends from 15 to 22 per cent (an increase of 7 per cent).
PUBLISHED ON AUG 12, 2021 03:00 PM IST
- A latest study suggests that taking certain drugs to lower blood sugar for type 2 diabetes had less amyloid in the brain, a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease. The study also found people taking these drugs, called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, showed slower cognitive decline than people in the other two groups.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 10, 2021 08:12 AM IST
- In a randomized control study of 10 healthy young men, a team of researchers compared how consuming the single amino acid leucine or its two-molecule equivalent, dileucine, influenced muscle-building and breakdown.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 09, 2021 08:24 AM IST
- The main finding was a significant decrease in visceral fat in patients without diabetes but who were overweight or had obesity. These results show the potential of liraglutide treatment for significantly lowering the risk of chronic disease in this population," said senior author of the study.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 08, 2021 09:15 PM IST
- Mothers who slept less than seven hours also had shorter telomeres in their white blood cells. These small pieces of DNA at the ends of chromosomes act as protective caps, like the plastic tips on the ends of shoelaces.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 07, 2021 09:08 PM IST
- Using data from two large, long-running study projects in the Puget Sound region -- one that began in the late 1970s measuring air pollution and another on risk factors for dementia that began in 1994 -- University of Washington researchers identified a link between air pollution and dementia.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 07, 2021 01:03 PM IST
- A latest study suggests that eating potatoes in any form was associated with higher intakes of several essential nutrients, including dietary fibre and potassium - two nutrients of public health concern - and improved nutrient adequacy.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 05, 2021 02:59 PM IST
- In the two separate studies analysing different measures of healthy plant food consumption, researchers found that both young adults and postmenopausal women had fewer heart attacks and were less likely to develop the cardiovascular disease when they ate more healthy plant foods.
UPDATED ON AUG 04, 2021 10:28 AM IST
- A latest study suggests that a targeted therapy using non-thermal radio waves is safe to use in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 02, 2021 03:00 PM IST
- A latest study suggest that people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during youth have a higher risk of developing complications at early ages and have a greater chance of multiple complications within 15 years after diagnosis.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 02, 2021 10:24 AM IST
- A latest study suggests that children who set goals for their future and those with strong parental support are less likely to use e-cigarettes and other tobacco products.
PUBLISHED ON AUG 01, 2021 03:02 PM IST
- These differences are most notable between younger age groups (16-59 years) compared to older age groups (60->80 years), and men have different symptoms compared to women in the early stages of COVID-19 infection.