In Focus

Hindustan Times

I

By Neha Yadav
Published Jan 25, 2023

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Features Of The Indian Constitution

The Indian constitution defines the structural framework, powers and duties of government institutions

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It is the supreme law of the nation that sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of citizens

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Here are some of the salient features of the Constitution of India

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Lengthiest Constitution 

Constitution of India, with its preamble and 470 articles grouped into 25 parts, is the longest written constitution in the world

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Sovereignty

The Introduction of the Indian Constitution declares that it was adopted and enacted by the people of India and there is no external influence

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Parliamentary Government

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 Indian constitution establishes the parliamentary form of government both at the centre and the state

Fundamental Rights

Constitution of India guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens of the country

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Fundamental rights include the Right to Equality, Freedom, Religion, Against Exploitation, Education, Cultural Rights, and Constitutional Remedies

Fundamental Duties

Fundamental duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India

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Quasi Federal

The Indian state is federal as the powers are distributed between the Union and the State

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Adult Suffrage

All the citizens above 18 years of age have the right to vote under the concept of 'Universal Adult Franchise' 

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Independence of Judiciary

The judgements of Judiciary of India is independent of the legislature and executive wings

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Secular

Constitution of India protects all religions equally and guarantees freedom of practising any accepted religion

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