What is Human Development Index Report

In Focus

Posted By Prapti Upadhayay
Published Sept 12, 2022

Hindustan Times

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The United Nations Human Development Index 2021–22, issued on September 8, 2022, ranked India 132 out of 191 nations. India slipped from last year's ranking by one rank

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HDI referes to Human Development Index

Credits: UNDP

HDI is an overview indicator of mean performance in 3 main aspects of human development: living a long & healthy life, having access to knowledge and having a decent standard of living

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Indicators of Human Development

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The life expectancy at birth is used to evaluate the health dimension

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Living a long and healthy life

Mean years of schooling for adults aged 25 and older and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age are used to measure the education part

Having access to knowledge

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Gross national income per capita serves as a measure for the standard of living dimension

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Having a decent standard of living

The three HDI dimension indices' scores are then combined using geometric mean to create a complete index

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According to UN, the Covid-19 pandemic, Ukraine's war, and record-breaking temperatures, storms, and floods have caused reversals in human development in nearly every country

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A significant factor in the recent decline of the Human Development Index was the global decline in life expectancy

Credits: AP

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