Fleeing war, Syrian migrants cycle from Russia to Arctic Norway
It appears relatively easy for Syrian migrants to get a visa for Russia since the two countries enjoy good relations. After flying to Moscow, refugees travel by train to Murmansk in Russia, and then on to Nikel, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Norway.Updated: Sep 13, 2015 21:48 IST
"I looked at the map and I decided to give it a go," said Ahmad Taleb, who is one of the crafty refugees who reached Europe by cycling across the border into Arctic Norway.
Norwegian police say that since the beginning of the year, more than 200 asylum-seekers, the large majority of them fleeing the war in Syria, crossed the border from Russia into wealthy Norway.
While it is not a member of the EU, Norway belongs to the Schengen zone that allows free movement across various countries of Europe.
The roundabout journey through often inhospitable regions opens Europe's doors to the refugees, without them having to face the perilous Mediterranean crossing risked by hundreds of thousands of others aboard usually overloaded boats, before heading off on a land journey full of stumbling blocks through the continent.
More than 380,000 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe since January and 2,850 others lost their lives trying or are missing, according to the latest UN figures.
"By sea, it's dangerous," said Taleb, a 25-year-old Syrian Kurd sitting at the Refstad refugee transit centre in Oslo, where migrants are sent once they've crossed the border.
"But if you buy the visa (for Russia), you just pay and you go. That way is faster and safer," he added.
Refugees are seen at the Refstad tempoary transit center in Oslo, Norway. (AFP Photo)
Seven days earlier, he left Kobane, a town ravaged by fighting between Kurds and Islamic State jihadists who were ultimately driven out in June.
The idea to travel to Europe through Russia came to him after speaking to people on Facebook, he said.
Wary, waiting to be transferred to an asylum centre with his few belongings shoved into a black garbage bag, he refuses to disclose the intricate details of his journey.
It appears relatively easy for Syrians to get a visa for Russia since the two countries enjoy good relations. After flying to Moscow, Syrians typically travel by train to Murmansk in northwestern Russia, and then on to Nikel, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Norway.
There, they buy a bicycle, often at a hefty premium.
"We paid a lot of money but we didn't ask too many questions," said Bahzad Soliman, another Syrian refugee who spent the past three years in Moscow, living off of odd jobs before growing tired of being unable to sort out a more permanent situation for himself.
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Oddly enough, cycling is an almost legal way for refugees to cross the Storskog border post between Norway and Russia.
Only vehicles are allowed to cross the border and a bicycle is considered a vehicle.
On the Russian side, authorities do not let pedestrians cross, while on the Norwegian side, police recently began imposing heavy fines on those who take refugees in their car, saying it amounts to human trafficking.
As a result, police in Kirkenes, the closest Norwegian town to the border, now have a stock of some 65 bikes, many almost new, which it doesn't know what to do with, their brief owners having been flown to Oslo by authorities to submit their asylum requests.
Most of the bike crossings took place in recent weeks but some also crossed the border last winter in sub-zero temperatures with snow-covered roads.
At the Refstad refugee transit centre, a former recreation centre for Nazi officers during the World War II occupation, the Syrians interviewed said their journey through the Great North cost between 3,000 and 4,000 euros (between $3,350 and $4,500).
"It's not expensive compared to what they often have to pay to smugglers to go by the usual routes," explains Solveig Skogstad at NOAS, a Norwegian organisation that helps asylum seekers.
"Some pay several thousand dollars to come illegally, whereas this is legal and not dangerous."
Or almost: "From what we understand, there is a lot of concern about what can happen in Russia," she said.
"Russian authorities can also be very severe if you arrive without all your papers in order."
Since the beginning of the year, around 1,800 Syrians have requested asylum in Norway, which is governed by a coalition that includes a populist anti-immigration party.
That figure is just a fraction of the 15,000 Syrians who have requested asylum in neighbouring Sweden, which has a more generous asylum policy.