Beware Mumbai, road accidents will kill 3.21 million Indians between 2016 and 2030: Study

As many as 400 people die on Indian roads every day, reads the report
The Eastern Freeway and the Eastern Express Highway (EEH) are prone to fatal accidents owing to speeding cars and trucks, said police.(HT File photo)
The Eastern Freeway and the Eastern Express Highway (EEH) are prone to fatal accidents owing to speeding cars and trucks, said police.(HT File photo)
Updated on Jun 13, 2017 01:44 PM IST
Copy Link
Hindustan Times | By, Mumbai

Every hour, 17 Indians are killed in road accidents. That’s not all, if the government fails to take drastic measures to improve road safety in the country, 32.1 lakh people could die in road accidents from 2016 till 2030, according to a study by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS).

The report, Advancing Road Safety in India, compiled in collaboration with the World Health Organisation and Underwriters’ Laboratories, estimates the number of road accident fatalities to touch 2.41 lakh in 2030, from 1.75 lakh in 2015.

The analysis of the data from 2005 to 2015 was completed in March and will be submitted to the government soon.

NUMBERSPEAK

Highways, which account for 4.84% of country’s roads, contribute to 52.4% of road accidents and 63% of road deaths in India, says the report. “Five states — Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra — collectively account for 46.8% of accidents and 35% of all deaths in the country, and have mortality rates ranging from 15 to 21 people for every 1 lakh — much higher than the national rate,” read the study. “Indian roads see 1,374 accidents and 400 deaths daily. The number of people who succumbed to injuries from road accidents shot up to 1.48 lakh in 2015 from 98,254 in 2005.”

The numbers, although alarming, are highly under-reported, according to the study. The report states road accident deaths are underreported by 20%, while serious injuries are underreported by more than 50%. “Pedestrian and two-wheeler deaths are grossly under-represented in the national data at 9.5%, compared to 30-40% in other studies,” the NIMHANS report reads. “Pedestrians, two-wheeler riders, pillion riders and cyclists account for nearly 80% of road deaths and injuries, which is in contrast to official reports.”

SOLUTIONS

The study, which looks at ways to prevent accidents, divides the action plan into pre-crash, crash and post-crash. At pre-crash stage, the study states, the authorities should focus on spreading awareness about rules and ensuring their implementation, while giving better roads and driving condition to motorists. In case of an accident or crash, the roads should have protective equipment to prevent injuries, and first aid, access to doctors, fire prevention and rescue facilities as post-crash devices to reduce fatalities, according to the study.

While the authorities have built facilities such as skywalks and subways to aid pedestrians, people don’t use them. Apart from issues related to personal safety and convenience, the facilities are unsuitable for the physically challenged, elderly, pregnant women and children, according to the report.

NEED STRICT ACTION

HT found the Mumbai traffic police penalised only two people for jaywalking in 2016, making them vulnerable to road crashes.

While the report stresses the need for political leaders, policy makers, professionals from various disciplines, industry leaders to take urgent measures to stop the trend, it emphasizes on stricter enforcement of laws related to seat belt, child restraint, speeding and drink driving.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR

    Farhan Shaikh is a reporter with Hindustan Times, Mumbai. He writes for the crime and legal team, along with reportage on Mumbai traffic issues.

Close Story
QUICKREADS

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • Mumbai: Shiv Sena leader Sanjay Raut arrives at the Enforcement Directorate office for questioning in an alleged money laundering case linked to the redevelopment of Patra Chawl, in Mumbai, Friday, July 1, 2022. (PTI Photo) (PTI07_01_2022_000062B) (PTI)
  • Karnataka Home Minister Araga Jnanendra. (ANI)

    'Will ensure justice...': K'taka minister on reports of two sisters stripped

    Karnataka home minister Araga Janendra said Friday he had only just received information about an alleged assault on two women in Anekal, a town in Bengaluru district. The sisters were allegedly stripped and assaulted at their home for failing to pay a debt. Multiple media reports have said the police refused to file a complaint for two days and only did so after videos of the assault were widely shared online.

  • The Maoist, Kamlesh was a member of Malenger Area Committee of Darbha Division of CPI (Maoist). (Representative image)

    Chhattisgarh: Maoist carrying reward of 5 lakh killed in encounter with police

    A Maoist carrying a reward of Rs 5 lakh on The Maoist, Kamlesh's head was gunned down by Chhattisgarh police in an encounter in Bastar's Sukma district on Friday, police said. The Maoist, Kamlesh was a member of Malenger Area Committee of Darbha Division of CPI (Maoist), police said. On Thursday, neighboring Dantewada police gunned down Denga Deva alias Mahangu Deva, who was a member of Katekalyan Area Committee of CPI (Maoist).

  • A cash van that was stuck in a waterlogged stretch in Bathinda after the first monsoon rain on Friday morning. (Sanjeev Kumar/HT)

    Monsoon covers Punjab’s Malwa belt, brings relief for farmers

    The first monsoon showers that hit the semi-arid region of south Malwa on Thursday night brought respite for cotton farmers from the deadly whitefly but exposed the ill-preparedness of the civic authorities in the urban areas as several areas in Bathinda town were in knee-deep in water. Also read: Monsoon arrives in Chandigarh tricity, so does misery Low-lying areas, such as Power House Road and Sikri Bazaar, were waterlogged.

  • Representational

    Mild earthquake in Karnataka's Kodagu, 3rd in a week in state: Report

    A mild earthquake was felt in Karnataka's Dakshina Kannada district early Friday morning - the third in the past seven days. News agency PTI said locals were woken up at around 1.15 am by a loud noise and tremors that were felt in Sampaje, Guttigaru, Ubaradka, Goonaka, Elimale, Sullia and nearby areas. Officials told PTI a report from the natural disaster monitoring centre is awaited. On Saturday (June 25), a 2.3 quake was recorded.

SHARE
Story Saved
×
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Friday, July 01, 2022