Need for leveraging AI in India's education sector - Hindustan Times
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Need for leveraging AI in India's education sector

ByAparajitha Nair
May 23, 2024 01:16 PM IST

This article is authored by Aparajitha Nair.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has transformed various sectors globally, and education is no exception. In India, a country with a burgeoning young population and diverse educational needs, AI holds immense potential to revolutionise the education sector. By personalising learning experiences, improving administrative efficiencies, and expanding access to quality education, it can play a pivotal role in addressing the challenges faced by the education system. However, for a seamless integration of AI, significant governance reforms are essential to ensure that these technologies are effectively and ethically implemented.

AI in education sector
AI in education sector

AI in education is more than just a technological advancement; it represents a fundamental shift in how education can be delivered, consumed, and managed. It enables the creation of personalised learning paths tailored to individual student needs, strengths, and weaknesses. This can significantly enhance student engagement and outcomes.

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AI can bridge the gap in educational access, especially in remote and underserved areas. With AI-driven online learning platforms, quality education can reach students regardless of their geographical location. It can automate administrative tasks such as grading, attendance tracking, and scheduling, allowing educators to focus more on teaching and mentoring students. It can analyse vast amounts of educational data to provide insights into student performance, helping educators identify areas where students struggle and need additional support. As AI becomes integral to various industries, equipping students with AI-related skills is crucial for their future employability. Introducing AI concepts in school curricula can prepare students for the new age job market.

India's education sector faces significant challenges, including a shortage of trained teachers, varying quality of education across regions, and limited access to resources. AI can address these issues through innovative solutions. For example, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has introduced AI as a subject in schools to familiarise students with AI concepts. Moreover, EdTech companies like use AI to personalise learning and provide interactive educational content. Despite these initiatives, the adoption of AI in Indian education is still in its nascent stages.

The Indian EdTech market is projected to grow to $10.4 billion by 2025, driven by the increasing adoption of AI and digital learning platforms. According to a report by KPMG, AI-powered learning platforms have shown a 20-30% increase in student engagement and retention rates compared to traditional methods. India faces a significant teacher shortage, with a student-teacher ratio of 24:1, as opposed to the recommended ratio of 15:1 by UNESCO. AI can help mitigate this by providing supplementary teaching resources and automating administrative tasks.

For AI to be effectively integrated into the Indian education system, comprehensive governance reforms are essential. These reforms should focus on policy framework, infrastructure development, teacher training, ethical considerations, and continuous evaluation. We need to outline the goals, strategies, and standards for integrating AI in education. There should be guidelines for curriculum development, AI training for educators, data privacy, and ethical AI use. There should be encouragement of collaboration between government bodies, educational institutions, and private sector companies to foster innovation and investment in AI-driven educational tools.

Investments in the development of digital infrastructure, including high-speed internet connectivity, especially in rural areas, and providing access to digital devices for students and teachers are also crucial. Development of comprehensive training programmes to equip teachers with the necessary skills to integrate AI into their teaching practices can also be undertaken. This includes understanding AI concepts, using AI tools, and interpreting AI-generated data. There is an urgent need for development of stringent policies to protect the privacy and security of student data. AI systems must comply with data protection laws and ethical standards.

The future of AI in Indian education is promising, with the potential to transform the sector by making education more accessible, personalised, and efficient. As AI technologies evolve, they will offer new opportunities for enhancing the learning experience and addressing the systemic challenges faced by the Indian education system.

By embracing AI and implementing these governance reforms, India can create an education system that not only meets the needs of its diverse student population but also prepares them for a future driven by technology. The journey towards integrating AI in education is not without challenges, but with a strategic and inclusive approach, it is a journey that promises to bring transformative benefits to India's education sector.

This article is authored by Aparajitha Nair.

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