Deficiencies in certain vitamins are the likely reason behind the development of migraines in children, teens and young adults, finds a new study.
The findings revealed that a high percentage of children, teens and young adults with migraines had mild deficiencies in vitamin D, riboflavin and coenzyme Q10 -- a vitamin-like substance found in every cell of the body that is used to produce energy for cell growth and maintenance.
While girls and young women were more likely to have coenzyme Q10 deficiencies, boys and young men were more likely to have vitamin D deficiency.
Further, patients with chronic migraines were more likely to have coenzyme Q10 and riboflavin deficiencies than those with episodic migraines.
“Further studies are needed to elucidate whether vitamin supplementation is effective in migraine patients in general and whether patients with mild deficiency are more likely to benefit from supplementation,” said lead author Suzanne Hagler from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in the US.
For the study, the team analysed patients with migraines who had baseline blood levels checked for vitamin D, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10 and folate, all of which were implicated in migraines by previous studies.
Many were put on preventive migraine medications and received vitamin supplementation, if levels were low.
Previous studies have indicated that certain vitamins and vitamin deficiencies may be important in the migraine process. However, studies using vitamins to prevent migraines have had conflicting success.
The results were presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Headache Society in San Diego, in the US, recently.