Shanghai, Beijing have lowest fertility rates in the world

Updated on May 01, 2012 11:35 PM IST
World’s fertility rate is 2.7, while China’s is 1.5. Figure below 1.5 means next gen will have 30% fewer people.
HT Image
HT Image
Hindustan Times | BySutirtho Patranobis, Beijing

Behind the gleaming skyscrapers of Shanghai and Beijing lies an uneasy truth: the two cities possibly have the lowest total fertility rates (TFR) in the world.

Coupled with the fact the country’s TFR (the average number of children a woman will have in her lifetime) is below the world average, China is looking at a problem where too few young people will impact innovation and development, a new book, ‘Too Many People in China?’, has warned.

“It is a sign of worry. It is not a positive development and will impact China’s development,” Li Jianxin, an associate professor of demography studies at Peking University, told HT over phone.

Co-author Liang Jianzhang said China’s shrinking population is a problem that needs to be addressed.

“China’s problem is a shrinking young population, which by my theory, will reduce entrepreneurship and innovation when these young people join the workforce. India has a still expanding young cohort size, a potential plus for innovation, if more of them can become educated,” Liang said in an email.

According to the authors, Shanghai’s TFR is at 0.7. Beijing’s TFR too is below point one. The one-child policy vigorously pursued by the government ensured the decline. Countries like Japan and South Korea revised their population policies when they realised the impact it could have.

Data revealed a 30% drop in the number of young people over the past 20 years in China.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close Story
QUICKREADS

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • Ousted Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena, File)

    Thailand allows Rajapaksa to temporarily stay in country, but has one condition

    Thailand foreign minister Don Pramudwinai said that the Sri Lankan government led by President Ranil Wickremesinghe did not object to Gotabaya Rajapaksa's visit to Thailand. However, the former president need to figure out his accommodation himself as the Thai government has refused to make any arrangements for the same.

  • Tourists go through pre-departure formalities at the Sanya Phoenix airport as stranded holidaymakers prepare to leave the Covid-hit resort city of Sanya on Hainan Island in China. (Photo by Str/AFP)

    Global Covid deaths drop by 9%, Omicron subvariant BA.5 remains dominant: WHO

    The WHO said that the Omicron subvariant BA.5 continues to remain dominant worldwide, contributing nearly 70 per cent to all virus sequences shared with the world's biggest publicly available virus database. It added that other Omicron subvariants such as BA.4 and BA.2, appear to be decreasing in prevalence as BA.5 takes control.

  • A view of Hangzhou city in China’s eastern Zhejiang province. (AFP)

    First special business flight with over 100 Indian traders lands in China

    A special flight with 107 Indian traders landed in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou on Tuesday, carrying many who were stuck in India since 2020 despite business interests in China because of the restrictions imposed by Beijing on international travel to contain Covid-19. This particular group of Indian merchants boarded the special China Southern Airlines flight from New Delhi and landed in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, on Tuesday.

  • Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

    Mexican President proposes peace commission led by 3 leaders including PM Modi

    Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is planning to submit a written proposal to the UN to create a commission, made up of three world leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, to promote a world truce for a period of five years, MSN web portal reported. The Mexican President proposed that the top commission should include Pope Francis, the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, and Indian PM Narendra Modi.

  • Chinese military helicopters fly past Pingtan island, one of mainland China's closest points from Taiwan, in Fujian province on August 4, 2022. (AFP)

    In major policy shift, China says it will take Taiwan by force if necessary

    China on Wednesday, in only its third white paper on Taiwan since 1993 and the first after President Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, said it will not “renounce” the use of military force to bring the self-governed island under its control as its armed forces concluded the largest ever exercises around the island but announced that it will conduct regular patrols in the region.

SHARE
Story Saved
×
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Thursday, August 11, 2022
Start 15 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now