GADVASU recommends special mineral diet for Punjab’s dairy animals
After conducting a study on minerals in soil and plants across the state, the veterinary varsity here has submitted recommendations with the state government and has come out with special feed for cattle and other dairy animals in three zones of the state.
A study was conducted along with Punjab Agricultural University after which impact of insecticides and pesticides on soil and resultantly on plants were brought out through scientific means.
The scientists at GADVASU have now prepared special feed or mineral mixtures for animals in these areas so that the scarcity of minerals could be removed in bodies of cattle. The lack of these minerals could lead to lesser mil yield and other problems among the animals.
GADVASU had divided the state into three parts. The Kandi zone included Gurdaspur, Ropar, Hoshiyarpur and Mohali, South Western zone that included Ferozepur, Mansa, Baithinda, Muktsar, Sangrur and Barnala and Central zone that included Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Patiala, Nawanshahr and Fatehgarh.
Vice Chancellor of GADVASU, Dr AS Nanda told Hindustan Times that a mapping of entire state was done under a project by GADVASU and PAU. “Scarcity of different minerals was found in different zones. This leads to damage to animals and even to humans in these areas” said Dr Nanda.
Scientists from the varsity were able to get the details of soil from across the state divided into three zones. “Scarcity as well as their (minerals) excess quantity in soil was causing problems among animals due to which a survey was conducted” said the vice chancellor.
The varsity has now come out with three different feeds or mineral mixtures that are given to the cattle in their diet to remove the scarcity of necessary minerals.
Dr HK Verma, Director, Extension Education said that the area specific mixture is provided to the cattle and other dairy animals across the state. “Mineral which lacks in soil and plants in one area could be in excess in other areas due to which special diets for three zones have been provided” said Dr Verma.
Minerals that constitute diet
Calcium: For strong bones
Iodine: For making thyroid hormones
Manganese: For forming connective tissue, bones, blood clotting factors
Zinc: For immune system to fight invading bacteria and viruses
Copper: For making red blood cells and strong immune system