In the second dengue death this year, a 38-year old woman suffered cardiac arrest and multi-organ failure due to haemorrhagic fever on Friday.
“She had high fever for the last three or four days. It was confirmed yesterday after the test that she had dengue. We took her to a local hospital, where a test showed that her platelet count was 25,000. They referred us to Apollo (Hospital), where her platelet count had gone down to 11,000,” said Aam Aadmi Party MLA Amanatullah Khan. The woman, Nazish, is Khan’s sister-in-law.
Cases of dengue, a viral infection spread through the bite of the aedes aegypti mosquito which breeds in clean water, increases in monsoons. Delhi suffered its worst-ever dengue outbreak in 2015, which affected 16,000 people and killed 60.
She was admitted to Apollo Hospital on Thursday midnight. She was given two platelet transfusions. By 6 am, she stabilised a little. But then she died suddenly in the afternoon, the MLA said.
“Her platelet count had dropped to 11,000 and was in a critical condition when she was brought to the hospital. Despite best efforts, her condition was not improving,” Apollo Hospital officials said.
She vomited blood and had a cardiac arrest at 2 pm. “Her serology test was not done at the hospital, however, the family already had a report with them, which was positive for dengue,” the hospital said.
Platelets help the blood clot and stop bleeding. Very low levels – the normal range is between 150,000 and 450,000 platelets per microlitre of blood – lead to internal bleeding and shock, which results in death from multi-organ failure. If the platelet count drops below 30,000 or a person starts bleeding, it is an emergency and the person should immediately be taken to the hospital. If it is less than 10,000, blood transfusion may be needed.
Earlier, a 17-year-old girl from Jafrabad died due to “dengue shock syndrome”, according to her death certificate, at the Lok Nayak Hospital on July 21. This has not been included in the weekly report released by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD).
Till August 6, the civic body reported 171 cases of dengue, of which 81 were from within Delhi. No deaths were reported.