The 48-day annual pilgrimage to the Amarnath shrine in south Kashmir in Himalayas ended on Friday with over 2.20 lakh pilgrims offering prayers to the naturally formed ice-shivlinga despite the ongoing unrest in the state.
This year’s figure is the lowest in the past decade.
The holy mace of Lord Shiva popularly known as ‘Chhari Mubarak’, carried by a group of sadhus and devotees arrived at the holy cave in the wee hours for the day-long prayers, officials said.
The group trekked 42 kilometres from Pahalgam to reach the cave shrine with night halts at Chandanwari, Sheshnag and Panchtarani.
After traditional rituals at the sanctum sanctorum, the holy mace would start its return journey before dusk on Friday.
While officially the yatra ended on Friday, ‘pujan’ and ‘visarjan’ (immersion) ceremonies for the journey of ‘Chhari Mubarak’ would be performed on the banks of Lidder river in Pahalgam on August 20. It will be followed by a traditional open kitchen, the last ritual of the pilgrimage.
The holy mace would return to its abode at Amareshwar temple at Dashnami Akhara in Srinagar on the same day, the officials said.
The yatra had commenced from Pahalgam and Baltal routes amid strict security arrangements on July 2, a week before protests erupted in the Valley following the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani by security forces on July 8.
The unrest has left 64 people, mostly young boys, dead and over 8,000 injured.
Twenty-nine people -- 21 pilgrims, a sage, three sevadars (community kitchen workers), two locals and as many paramilitary troopers -- died during the yatra after suffering cardiac arrest, while 40 yatris and 10 locals were injured after falling from steep slopes, the officials said.
A pilgrim and a driver were killed when a yatra bus collided with a truck near Bijbehara on the Srinagar-Jammu national highway on July 13.
Despite the law and order issues, the number of pilgrims crossed the two lakh mark on July 24. But the arrivals declined after that, with over 20,000 pilgrims paying obeisance in the last 25 days. Early melting of the ice- shivlingam was one of the reasons for the decline in the number, the officials said.
A record 6.36 lakh pilgrims participated in the yatra in 2011 and 6.22 lakh the next year.
The subsequent years saw a decline in the footfall. In 2013, 3.53 lakh; in 2014, 3.72 lakh and in 2015, 3.52 lakh pilgrims participated.
In 2008, when Jammu and Kashmir witnessed protests in the wake of the Amarnath land row, a total of 5.33 lakh pilgrims joined the yatra, followed by 3.81 lakh in 2009 and 4.55 lakh in 2010, when the Valley faced violent agitation over alleged human rights violation.
About 2.96 lakh pilgrims visited the cave shrine in 2007.
This year, most of the pilgrims preferred the shorter Baltal route in Ganderbal district of central Kashmir over the traditional Pahalgam route, the officials said.