World Mosquito Day: Here's all you need to know about the 4 types of Malaria prevalent in India

World Mosquito Day is marked annually to raise awareness about diseases caused by mosquitoes. This year, the theme is "Harness

Published on Aug 20, 2022 04:25 PM IST 5 Photos

World Mosquito Day is observed annually on August 20 to commemorate Sir Ronald Ross's 1897 discovery in which he found that female anopheline mosquitoes were responsible for the transmission of the malaria parasite in humans. Malaria is a parasitic disease which is spread to humans through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Here are the four different types of Malaria prevalent in India that you need to be aware of.(Unsplash)

Plasmodium Vivax (P.v.): This is the most widespread of all of the malaria species which is accountable for several cases of death and other serious illnesses. Symptoms include flu, diarrhoea, fatigue, body weakness, fever and shivering.(Pixabay)

Plasmodium falciparum (P.f): This is the most lethal species of Plasmodium that causes maximum infections and malaria related deaths. This form of malaria is predominant in Africa, South America and South East Asia. Symptoms include abdominal pain, fatigue, aching muscles, dizziness, joint pain, back pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, anaemia and some sort of neurological symptoms.(Unsplash)

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Plasmodium malariae (P.m): Plasmodium malariae is not as deadly as the other types but it still observed as one of the prominent infections spread by mosquitoes. In India, there are less than one percent infections recorded. Symptoms include high fever and chills.(Pixabay)

Plasmodium ovale (P.o): This is the rarest form of malaria has the potential of resting in the patient’s liver for as long as 4 years after getting infected by the malaria carrying mosquito. These parasites can relapse and invade the patient’s red blood cells to make the patient sick again.(Unsplash)

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