Study reveals women at higher risk of death from heart failure, attack than men(Twitter/HospitalistLWW)
Study reveals women at higher risk of death from heart failure, attack than men(Twitter/HospitalistLWW)

Women at higher heart disease risk than men, especially in the years leading up to menopause: Study

A new research has revealed that women are more vulnerable to heart failure or stroke than men and to prevent it, early intervention strategies for good cardiovascular health are important during midlife and during menopause
By Asian News International | Posted by Zarafshan Shiraz | Dallas [US]
UPDATED ON DEC 01, 2020 10:26 AM IST

Women face a 20 per cent increased risk of developing heart failure or dying within five years after their first severe heart attack compared to men, according to new research.

The research was published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation.

Previous research looking at sex differences in heart health has often focused on a recurrent heart attack or death. However, the differences in vulnerability to heart failure between men and women after heart attack remain unclear.

To study this gap, researchers analyzed data on more than 45,000 patients (30.8 per cent women) hospitalized for a first heart attack between 2002-2016 in Alberta, Canada. They focused on two types of a heart attack: a severe, life-threatening heart attack called ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and a less severe type called Non-STEMI or NSTEMI, the latter of which is more common. Patients were followed for an average of 6.2 years.

Women were older and faced a variety of complications and more risk factors that may have put them at a greater risk for heart failure after a heart attack.

In addition to the elevated risk for heart failure among women, researchers found:

- A total of 24,737 patients had a less severe form of heart attack (NSTEMI); among this group, 34.3 per cent were women and 65.7 per cent were men.

- A total of 20,327 patients experienced STEMI, the more severe heart attack; among this group, 26.5 per cent were women and 73.5 per cent were men.

- The development of heart failure either in the hospital or after discharge remained higher for women than men for both types of heart attack, even after adjusting for certain confounders.

- Women had a higher unadjusted rate of death in the hospital than men in both the STEMI (9.4 per cent vs. 4.5 per cent) and NSTEMI (4.7 per cent vs, 2.9 per cent) groups. However, the gap narrowed considerably for NSTEMI after confounder adjustments.

- Women were more likely to be an average of 10 years older than men at the time of their heart attack, usually an average age of 72 years versus 61 for the men.

- Women also had more complicated medical histories at the time of their heart attacks, including high blood pressure, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, risk factors that may contribute to heart failure.

- Women were seen less frequently in the hospital by a cardiovascular specialist: 72.8 per cent versus 84 per cent for men.

- Regardless of whether their heart attacks were the severe or less severe type, fewer women were prescribed medications such as beta-blockers or cholesterol-lowering drugs. Women also had slightly lower rates of revascularization procedures to restore blood flow, such as surgical angioplasty.

“Identifying when and how women may be at higher risk for heart failure after a heart attack can help providers develop more effective approaches for prevention,” said lead study author Justin A. Ezekowitz, M.B.B.Ch., M.Sc., a cardiologist and co-director of the Canadian VIGOUR Centre at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. “Better adherence to reducing cholesterol, controlling high blood pressure, getting more exercise, eating a healthy diet and stopping smoking, combined with recognition of these problems earlier in life would save thousands of lives of women -- and men.”

Based on these findings, study co-author Padma Kaul, PhD, co-director of the Canadian VIGOUR Centre, said the next step is to further examine if all patients are receiving the best care, particularly women, and where interventions can address oversights.

“Close enough is not good enough,” said Kaul, who is also the Sex and Gender Science Chair from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. “There are gaps across diagnosis, access, quality of care, and follow-up for all patients, so we need to be vigilant, pay attention to our own biases, and to those most vulnerable to ensure that we have done everything possible in providing the best treatment.”

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)

Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
app
Close
The study was led by researchers from McGill University.(Unsplash)
The study was led by researchers from McGill University.(Unsplash)

With multiple children, fragmented sleep reported by mothers than fathers: Study

ANI, Montreal [canada]
UPDATED ON JAN 18, 2021 04:29 PM IST
According to a new study, mothers with multiple children report more fragmented sleep than mothers of a single child. However, the number of children in a family doesn't seem to affect the quality of sleep for fathers.
Close
Previous research suggests that as many as half of children and teens who have at least one treatable mental health disorder may not receive treatment due to several barriers.(Unsplash)
Previous research suggests that as many as half of children and teens who have at least one treatable mental health disorder may not receive treatment due to several barriers.(Unsplash)

Teens with anxiety, depression may benefit from peer confidants at school

ANI, Washington [us]
UPDATED ON JAN 18, 2021 12:54 PM IST
Three-quarters of parents in a new national poll think peers better understand teen challenges including depression and anxiety, compared to teachers or counsellors in the school.
Close
Alabama transgender license policy unconstitutional(Pexels)
Alabama transgender license policy unconstitutional(Pexels)

Alabama judge declares transgender driver's license policy as unconstitutional

AP, Montgomery
PUBLISHED ON JAN 16, 2021 09:48 AM IST
  • US District Judge Myron Thompson, on Friday, said that the policy stating that people, "can only change the sex designation on their driver's licenses by changing their genitalia," is unconstitutional.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

'Love jihad' law seen trampling women's hard-earned freedoms in India

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON JAN 15, 2021 08:39 PM IST
Men have been arrested and women forced into shelters in Uttar Pradesh under the new law, which imposes prison terms for anyone convicted of compelling others to change their faith or luring them to do so through marriage.
Close
That leaves women who don't fit the prototype potentially facing greater hurdles when trying to convince a workplace or court that they have been harassed.(Pixabay)
That leaves women who don't fit the prototype potentially facing greater hurdles when trying to convince a workplace or court that they have been harassed.(Pixabay)

Harassment claims made by 'prototypical' women considered more credible: Study

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON JAN 15, 2021 06:10 PM IST
A new study has revealed that women who are young, 'conventionally attractive' and appear to act feminine are more likely to be believed when making accusations of sexual harassment.
Close
The percentage of regularly seen LGBTQ characters on streaming as well as prime-time broadcast TV and cable during the 2020-21 season fell.(Unsplash)
The percentage of regularly seen LGBTQ characters on streaming as well as prime-time broadcast TV and cable during the 2020-21 season fell.(Unsplash)

Study: Pandemic eats into LGBTQ representation on network TV

AP, New York
PUBLISHED ON JAN 15, 2021 02:54 PM IST
LGBTQ and gender inclusiveness on television has retreated slightly this season due to delays and shutdowns caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
Close
Studies suggest that anywhere between 30% to 90% of women who experience physical abuse at the hands of an intimate partner experienced head trauma.(Unsplash)
Studies suggest that anywhere between 30% to 90% of women who experience physical abuse at the hands of an intimate partner experienced head trauma.(Unsplash)

Effects of head trauma from intimate partner violence largely unrecognised

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON JAN 14, 2021 01:05 PM IST
While there is an abundant amount of research about traumatic brain injuries in athletes and those serving in the military, the same data is scarce when it comes to concussions and head and neck injuries sustained due to intimate partner violence.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Prepare food, clothes before birth: Sexist tips to pregnant women criticized

AP
PUBLISHED ON JAN 14, 2021 10:42 AM IST
The now-deleted guidelines, which were published on the website of Seoul’s “Pregnancy and Childbirth Information Center,” suggested that pregnant women should prepare food, clothes and daily necessities for their husbands and family before going to the hospital to give birth.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Mothers, but not fathers, with multiple children report more broken sleep: Study

ANI
PUBLISHED ON JAN 13, 2021 02:33 PM IST
Mothers with multiple children report more fragmented sleep than mothers of a single child, but the number of children in a family doesn't seem to affect the quality of sleep for fathers, according to a study.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Here's how menopause may cause increased forgetfulness, lack of attention

ANI
PUBLISHED ON JAN 13, 2021 02:16 PM IST
A new study suggests that a woman's menopause stage can affect cognitive performance, and declines in memory may persist in the post-menopause period.
Close
More than 3,600 marriage certificates were issued to under-18s - mainly girls married to men - in Canada between 2000 and 2018. (Unsplash)
More than 3,600 marriage certificates were issued to under-18s - mainly girls married to men - in Canada between 2000 and 2018. (Unsplash)

Thousands of child marriages in Canada spark concern over global leadership

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON JAN 12, 2021 07:33 PM IST
Thousands of girls in Canada have been married before turning 18, warning that a rise in unofficial child marriages could make the practice harder to prevent and call into question the country's global leadership.
Close
Nicholas Yatromanolakis was named deputy minister for contemporary culture after being promoted last week in a cabinet reshuffle. (Reuters)
Nicholas Yatromanolakis was named deputy minister for contemporary culture after being promoted last week in a cabinet reshuffle. (Reuters)

Greece's first gay minister hopes appointment helps erode homophobia

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON JAN 12, 2021 11:44 AM IST
Greece's first openly gay minister said encountering homophobia in public life was "a given", but hoped his appointment to the conservative government would make it easier for LGBT people to tackle discrimination.
Close
The study sought to determine the effectiveness of hormone therapy in decreasing that risk and modifying sexual behaviour.(Pixabay)
The study sought to determine the effectiveness of hormone therapy in decreasing that risk and modifying sexual behaviour.(Pixabay)

Sexual dysfunction hits some women harder than others as they age: Study

ANI
PUBLISHED ON JAN 10, 2021 07:21 PM IST
Determinants that affect a woman's risk of sexual dysfunction was identified by a recent study.
Close
Rights advocates say there is still a pressing need to raise more awareness of the issue.(Unsplash)
Rights advocates say there is still a pressing need to raise more awareness of the issue.(Unsplash)

Gender violence takes centre-stage in new Spanish opera

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON JAN 09, 2021 05:02 PM IST
Spain was a pioneer in introducing gender-targeted violence legislation and the government keeps a widely reported public tally of women who have been killed by partners or ex-partners.
Close
The Delhi High Court Friday granted a last opportunity to the Centre and the Delhi government to respond to three separate pleas, including by two couples, seeking that same-sex marriage be recognised by law.(PTI)
The Delhi High Court Friday granted a last opportunity to the Centre and the Delhi government to respond to three separate pleas, including by two couples, seeking that same-sex marriage be recognised by law.(PTI)

HC gives Centre last chance for replying to pleas to recognise same-sex marriage

PTI
UPDATED ON JAN 09, 2021 04:30 PM IST
The Delhi High Court Friday granted a last opportunity to the Centre and the Delhi government to respond to three separate pleas, including by two couples, seeking that same-sex marriage be recognised by law.
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP